Top 10 mistakes of modern repair
Repairs in the apartment - as a natural disaster, a hobby or a lifestyle? In any case - the experience of the mistakes of others does not hurt. And, maybe, and make way for a dream home is much shorter.
1. No plan - drawings
There is no plan and drawings? Then get ready to make its way through the piles of unnecessary furniture, admire the vines hanging wires, store 'tees' for sockets, and worn around the room with a chandelier in the hands. Professional design project or plan-handedly drawing partitions layout, electrical, lighting and furniture will help determine in advance the size, get directions, hide wires and an estimate on the construction site. The more precise the plan, the less will go to finance the extra materials and unnecessary detail.
The lack of plan - drawings.
We should also consider the overhead lights,especially if you are using a hinged construction of plasterboard. First of all, it is necessary to draw a frame profile with a pitch of 50 cm, with a separate frame and, separately, the layout of the drywall. To save material, it is necessary to estimate at what location sheets residues will be less. But if you plan to hang heavy lighting, the suspensions should be installed more often and chandelier fixed to the soffit. At this stage it is very important to apply the scheme of fixtures, and make sure they do not fall on the frame. After a false ceiling is not without lamps.
2. We cut without waiting ...
It is difficult to imagine without repairgypsum board, at least one sheet, but you definitely will need. In high-rise building, few pushes a sheet, for example, in a freight elevator buildings breaks GCR 2.3 m high. But more often simply cut sheets in half, and even ordinary knife, like a bread. Sloppy seams influence and to increase the filler, and the future evenness of surfaces and the possible occurrence of cracks. Properly cut sheets of a special knife for drywall - it is sold in all DIY stores - and a maximum height of the freight elevator - not less than 190 cm.
Cut without waiting ...
But it is better not to cut the sheet at all: walking up and down stairs great influence on the heart and develop muscles.
3. Few outlets
This error - one of the most frequent. To understand how many sockets need count art objects that are in the room. Even if you have planned in the bedroom only a TV, consider where you will include a vacuum cleaner or a charge for the phone? Therefore, the minimum number of easily multiplied by two. Before you decide whether to switch Estimate the number of fixtures and their capacity. If the room is assumed to wall sconces, it is also necessary to take into account. Also do not forget that the electrical plan tied to the plan of arrangement of furniture. If it is not, it is possible that your circuit breaker would be for the cabinet wall.
4. Gnёm drywall Ivan Poddubny an iron poker
Drywall - material plastic and flexible, but notis steeping his day, patiently spraying from a spray, or squeezing it a wet rag in the hope that the sheet sognёtsya himself under the influence of gravity. If used for building construction drywall 6.5 mm thickness, then with a small curvature it does not need watering, it is designed specifically for various curved surfaces and is easily amenable to bending. If the walls or ceiling you decide to use a standard sheet thickness of 12, 5 mm, then from the Flex inside, it should be rolled with a spiked roller and then moisten with water, but in a way not to get water on the back side, otherwise the board will tear, and drywall fall apart.
Gnёm drywall Ivan Poddubny an iron poker.
Knauf Experts recommend - a wet sheetyou need to put on the prepared form (profile or plywood) and leave it to dry. Harvesting of the sheet will dry day - two, depending on the humidity of the room. The room temperature must be at least 15 degrees.
5. hang objects on the walls indiscriminately
Part of the story - hung cabinets or shelves,beautifully set decoration or book content out into another room and in the back you can hear the roar. Goodbye pricey glasses, vases and frames. Fixture for wall specifically designed for different needs.
Hang things on the walls indiscriminately.
If you hang on the wall something heavy, somethingshould select the appropriate fasteners, especially in the case of walls and walls of plasterboard. Lightweight frames, mirrors, candlesticks up to 3 kg are hung up on the screw. Up to 10 kg load per mount stand "screw" dowel. "Butterfly" and "umbrella" excellent for hollow structures, such dowels two bear the weight up to 40 kg, and if 2 layers of drywall, then up to 70 kg. And if you needed to hang even more massive objects, then it should refer to the "heavy artillery" - the new dowel "Hartmut" withstand 35 kg per mount with a single-layer cladding of plasterboard and 55 kg, with a two-layer plating.
6. Sparks fly
For uniform cutting metal profiles for curved constructions in any case can not be used angle grinders (grinders).
metal overheat at high speed, toAlso in the incision burns galvanizing, resulting in the future, this place will be subject to corrosion. The work of cutting metal profiles must be carried out only with special scissors for metal (manual or electric). The sleek profile is cut carefully, strictly observing the integrity of the other regiments, which will be attached the side sheet of drywall.
7. Fixing plasterboard sheet upside down
Which side of the drywall fix - frontor the back? Sometimes would-be masters of the GCR mounted with the back of the outside. This thinned edge is inside the joint sealing is going wrong, and cracks. We add that a lot of mistakes and fixing plasterboard. Step between the screws to the wall should be 25 cm and for ceilings - 15 cm, with some displacement of screws along the seam - one screw over another centimeter.
Fixing plasterboard sheet upside down.
If the screws to fix on one level, the board will crack and crumble the plaster and a crack in the future.
8. Cracks in the ceiling of plasterboard
And now, attention! Renovation or simply modern design apartments allow each householder feel like a real designer, and, therefore, to implement all the imagination and create the perfect multi-level ceiling. And here we are waiting for the most popular error when installing a suspended ceiling of plasterboard - to the guide profile on the perimeter fasten drywall. This is one of the main reasons for the appearance of cracks in the ceiling. To the contemplation of the ceiling after the repair did not experience the "attack of the Martians", just remember - the guide's profile, located along the walls, drywall not fasten!
Cracks in the ceiling of plasterboard.
Yes, and if the casing properly repaired in placesadjacency to the walls, the wall will crack. To avoid such problems, it is necessary at the junction of plasterboard ceiling and adjacent walls of separation tape used.
9. Cracks in the floor screed
Oh, this is familiar - flooded floorself-leveling compounds, and a flat floor, wonderful. You leave the apartment, and in the morning - a crack across the floor area. Material - at anything, it was worth before the "scratch turnip." Almost everyone who makes the repairs do not even try to estimate the base before pouring the floor, and it can be mild (despite that concrete) and loose, and loose, and with cracks and potholes from the last operation ... To determine the substrate strength can be a simple screw, procherknuv they strip - if the foundation crumbles, it means bad. In such cases, pouring liquid mixtures should only be performed on a polyethylene film or the backing paper. In this case fill the floor height should be at least 30mm.
Cracks in the floor screed.
Also on the base cap can be poured normalwater and see how fast it is absorbed. If less than 3 minutes, then the same rate base is selected from the moisture-drenched screeds. And the neighbors below will see stains on the ceiling. This problem is solved by priming the base.
10. miser pays twice
And even three times! "The basis of the interior," namely, floors, doors, windows, electrical and plumbing should be sturdy and reliable. Especially if you are going to stay in the apartment for at least a few years. House - a place that should energize and give peace of mind, as not to annoy inconveniences. Do not skimp on the seemingly small things. Then still be much more expensive. For example, modern lever mixers are not only much more convenient rotary analog-to-use, but also can significantly save water. Interior paint fresh collections have less consumption and last longer.
Authors: Ekaterina Maximova / Olga Prokhorova