Artificial waterfall will be an originalvisual center of the landscape of any garden or suburban area. Water falling spectacular cascades or slowly flowing down from ledge to ledge, add glamor surrounding area, will create an atmosphere of relaxation. A small waterfall can build their own.
Equipment and materials
The choice of materials to create a man-made waterfall is dictated by the characteristics of the site, the dimensions of the future construction, by choosing a theme. For the arrangement of the waterfall, you will need:
- a circulation pump for pumping water (submersible or surface), electrical cable, hose, filter;
- feed pump and equipping him to feed the reservoir;
- waterproofing material (film or concrete, finished plastic bowl);
- Decorating materials (stone, ceramic, glass, wood, etc.) and the formation of slides (cement, clay).
Key moment - pump selection. You want to use a special pumpfalls, while the submersible cheaper model. For the surface of the unit is necessary to find a suitable place and figure out how to aesthetically mask or hide the hill. Dedicated pumps for waterfalls are designed for long-term continuous operation, they are characterized by high productivity, thus creating a relatively small head - the water has to flow with the natural slowness. Pump capacity is selected based on the volume of water to pump and its lifting height. For miniature structures may be used a powerful aquarium pump.
Select the location and design
Man-made waterfall consists of two main parts - lodge (Reservoir) and hill. Waterfall integrated into the landscape withhigh natural differences. In this case, the bottom of the prepared bowl, and on the slope formed ledges from which the water will subside. At a sufficiently high natural slope can perform a cascade of several bowls.
On the flat area required to build a hill. The easiest way to build it out of boulders, stones and smaller pebbles, or use flat tiles slate, sandstone, and other materials. Hill can be installed from the edge of the bowl or in the center of the spacious reservoir.
For suburban area more suited ponds free shapesThey perfectly fit to any site,well with the alpine slides and rockeries, but surrounded by a geometrically correct flowerbeds will look better waterfall with a round, oval or pryamougolnyi bed.
When choosing a location for the falls should be taken into account, as it will be convenient to lay communications. The calculations take into account the depth of the bed height of the water drop, the size of the submersible pump. If you plan to plant seaweed, fish run, the pond depth must exceed the meter.
The main stages of construction
Before proceeding with the development of a waterfall projectin the country, it is recommended to deal with what will encounter in the course of construction. This will help to calculate forces and to choose suitable materials.
site layout and preparation of the bed
On a selected area you want to layout in accordance with the project, cut layer of sod. dig a pit to bed. For miniature structures enough to dig finished the bowl of a polymer material. In other cases, it digs a pit with sloping walls or "step" on the perimeter.
The bottom of the pit should be very tightly compacted, pour oil sand pack and gravel layerWell spilling their water to bulk material is fully settled. Then plank waterproofing foil PVC or butyl rubber. Please note that the PVC film worse tolerate frost, so it should not be used for large structures.
If the film is used asself-contained waterproof material, it is desirable to lay in two layers and fix stones and pebbles on the horizontal sections. During the construction of durable buildings Falls Lodge concreted over the waterproofing and drawn stone or tiles.
Construction of slides
The waterfall is different from the tranquil pond intense evaporation of waterTherefore it is necessary to constantly add. It will not be a particular problem if you reduce to a minimum loss of water during its run-off from the hill. To structure does not absorb water like a sponge, for the construction of slides required boulders of stone with dense structure. If you decide to use an attractive-looking slate, sandstone or other rock with a porous structure, it must be treated water-repellent primer deep penetration.
The base slides desirable to perform either of concrete (toreduce the cost of construction) to use a fat clay. Waterproofed base will slide film and butyl rubber. The base should be performed with a slight slope toward the bed, to seep between the stones of the water drains into the pond. Stones are bonded together with cement mortar.
Installation of equipment
At the bottom of the reservoir is installed a submersible pump and laid water supply hose to the top of a roller coaster. Or mounted communication to operate a surface pump. At the exit from a hose for circulating water filter is placed. It is important to arrange all the elements of the system so that they are functioning properly, they are hidden from view and thus accessible for maintenance and repair. At the same stage mounted lighting, if provided project.
Pumping equipment, hoses and cables required to close the aesthetic materials reservoir finishing. on the slopes of hills If desired, you can installsuitable style tank with ample plants and vines, add other decorative elements or land plants, combining the waterfall with the alpine slide. It is also the final stage are planted aquatic plants - they are best placed in special containers on the ledges of the waterfall bed.
Decorate holiday falls can be variedmaterials, arranging them by color and texture. Imitation rocks help create a wild rock with jagged edges, this looks impressive waterfall surrounded by lush dark green, coniferous plants.
Rounded boulders and pebbles with water run-in well with sculptures and pottery - For example, the water may fall from great broken jug. Like a waterfall will add entourage bright flowers and creepers.
For facing the bed correct form ideal tile. mosaic. glass. Slides for this waterfall is better to perform a step, using materials explicitly treated by human hands - for example, set the ground granite slabs, from which the water will fall.
According to his style Falls should be in harmony with the overall design of the site and architectural appearance of buildings.