A self-respecting host begins the construction of villasthe toilet. In the absence of sewerage amenities placed in the yard. The article tells about the types and features of suburban toilets as they construct their own hands.
closet installations requires consideration of mandatory rules:
- positioning the construction of the well, the well of the pond at least 30 meters below them;
- reliably isolate the cesspool;
- choose the place of installation to the toilet was not visible and does not interfere;
- not to make a cesspool when groundwater level less than 2.5 m;
- distance from home - at least 5 m from the neighboring plot - 2m;
- assenizatorskaya be possible to the entrance to the machine sump.
Types and features outdoor toilets
The question arises about the choice of design. Invented enough kinds of outdoor toilets. There are the following options built with his own hands:
- pit latrines;
- Peat toilet.
The correct selection of the optimal type of suburban toilets should take into account such factors:
- how many people will use it;
- how often you will come to the country;
- how much money can be spent on construction;
- what level of environmental hygiene and suitable for you.
pit toilet It is constructed as a house or a hut with a pit for collectionuncleanness. The liquid components evaporate, leaving part of the soil. Dense particles accumulate. If necessary, clean raked hand or machine assenizatorskaya. The variant, when the booth is transferred to another location, and the pit is filled.
To maintain hygiene, flies in the pit of destruction periodically poured bleach inside makes cleaning with water and disinfectant.
Backlash-closets - A kind of a toilet with a raking. It differs from the first embodiment sealed and greater in size cesspool. Emptied by pumping cesspool only.
For sealing the hole wall is made of concrete, the top cover is closed. Luke is above ground level. Be sure to arrange the hood.
As the hopper using the toilet, which cut off the siphon.
This design is hygienic previous one, but much more expensive.
Poudre-closet like a regular toilet. Yama does not suit him, sewage collected in the container under the toilet seat. A good option for areas with high water table.
The booth is placed a bucket of peat, which is sprinkled with the waste after every visit to the toilet.
Clean the tank often has a small volume. Suitable for summer residences, where the hosts are rare.
Peat toilet - An industrial version of the powders-closet. It has a toilet, a tank of 20 liters and a box with peat. But the booth or house for the toilet will have to build their own hands.
How to make a toilet in the country: the stages of construction
The design of the toilet is always a holidayhouse. It was built of different materials: wood, brick, stone. To pit latrines and backlash-closets digging pit. If you choose a toilet with a latrine, the construction start with her.
cesspool may have dimensions and a half meters deep and 1-1.2 m wide. The bottom of the pit is well tamped. To the wall did not lay down quickly, they should be strengthened. You can select different options:
- lined with brick, which is done easily and is cheap;
- pour concrete. Operation time consuming, it is necessary to bring the gravel, to make the formwork;
- deliver concrete rings;
- use of plastic container.
If cesspool for backlash-closets, floor concreted. The walls are sealed, brick - mastic, joints between the rings obscure solution. Around the pit make a clay castle half a meter thick.
Pit close lid with manhole for cleaning. To play, you must ensure the integrity of the toilet lid and door.
If you are going to build a brick house over the pit, need stable foundation. Around the brick or concrete pit wall digginga trench width of 20 cm to a depth of soil freezing. Assemble the formwork for the foundation and at the same time filling the pit floors. The formwork is left three holes: For cleaning hatch to the hopper and for ventilation.
formwork device difficult at first glance. In fact, everything is simple: put on a pit board or particle board with holes. Formwork foundation made only on the outside. Pour the concrete and get a monolith of overlapping pits and foundations. To insert strength reinforcing mesh.
Brick cabinet built in brick thick. Series five was removed from the walls and the remains of the solution is carried out grouting. Periodically check the level and plumb level and plumb masonry. Overlapping doors and windows made of steel angle.
Wooden house toilets built faster, the cost is cheaper. Start it with the device of the foundation. There are two options. On the surface of the concrete foundation is laidbars. These secure the corner posts. If the foundation is not, at the corners of a depth of 80 cm and a pipe mounted reinforce concrete. Inside the tubes are inserted into the pillars.
frame made of boards 80? 80 mm. Top rails to the posts are fixed to the roof. They perform several forward and back, to make the visor and overhang from the back side. Poles diagonally embroider boards fortress construction. At a height of 1.8 m in front of the door attach the jumper.
commode made from wood. Frame sheathe clapboard. In the middle is cut close to the edge of the hole.
Roof It is done with a slight slope to drain water back. First of boards do overlap, it is covered with slate, roofing material, steel sheets.
Walls sheathe 25-mm planks, nailed firmly upright. Instead, the boards can use slate or steel sheet.
Floor can be concrete. If you wish to lay on a tile floor screed previously leveled. For devices placed two wooden floor joists, they nailed boards.
extract mounted in the rear wall. Use two plastic pipes with a diameter of 110 mm and a length of 0.5 to 2 meters. A short tube inserted into the prepared hole. Connector legs at an angle of 90 ° above the roof derive long tube. Pipe clip is attached to the wall. The short pipe can be fixed with foam.
All the wooden parts are treated with antiseptic, then paint.
Toilet in the country with their own hands: photo