Landscape

How to make rockeries

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Rockery

Landscape compositions are quite varied. Each of them has its own character and individuality. Our article will help you create on your site a unique rockeries, which will be a real gem of your garden.
Due to the presence of stones which are used forformation of rockeries, similar object backyard decor is often confused with the alpine rockeries gorkoy.Osnovnym difference from alpine slides should be considered as the absence of layering, but it does not exclude the formation of stone pikov.Krome of flat stone decorations often placed in the shade of the garden, while the inhabitants of the rock garden requires intense lighting.

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When forming multilevel stonecompositions are fairly large stones, while for flat stone object of landscape scenes, not only large boulders and gravel bedding, which is a kind of mosaic background, it is advantageous set off the beauty of the inhabitants of rockeries.
When you create a flat-stone plantobject focus is not only wildlife, but also on the attractiveness of the cold stone, which is a kind of "competes" with plants, "proving" its uniqueness. After seeing the first time such a composition, each person reacts differently: someone will be fascinated by a scattering of small stones, whose magnetism is slightly diluted with sparse vegetation, and someone thinks that the gravel is necessary in rockeries only to emphasize the individuality rasteniy.V most cases rockeries can meet representatives of miniature coniferous vegetation, whereas they are often not used in the alpine hills.

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Types of rockeries

Depending on the plant, are used to form rockeries, there are three main types of such garden decoration.
European rockeries
To create this type of rockeries used plants whose natural habitat is the middle stripe.
English rockeries
It features the most classical, restrainedview. The emphasis in this garden is made largely on the greens. Here there are ornamental varieties of Artemisia, various types of conifers and a variety of cereals.

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Japanese rockeries
Few people know that the classic versionrockeries are Japanese garden composition. Similar stone stories differ a significant predominance of natural stones of different shapes and sizes. Plants in this case used in very limited quantities.

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Besides the classical stationary rockeriesthere is also the so-called "mobile rockeries." Most often, the composition is formed into a beam, wherein the inner portion is removed in advance timber so as to obtain a kind of container.

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To create a decorative garden stone should follow the basic rules, including the important location criteria and the formation of the composition:
When creating rockeries used initially stunted and dwarf species.
To form the composition is best to choose hardy fauna. This will avoid the formation of "defectives" islands spoil the harmony of the design idea.

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Describes the elements of landscape architecture is notIt should limit the visual borders, thus creating a clearly limited area. It should be understood that the rockeries is an imitation of a fragment of the natural landscape, so "obsessive" optical imaging elements are irrelevant here.
Determine the place to createPlant-Stone tandem, should opt for the most viewed part of the infield. If there is a spatial feature the best place to build a harmonious garden rockeries is beginning.
Stone decorations can act both asindependent element of landscape architecture, and is a harmonious addition of another object (for example, an artificially created pond or ornamental fountain).

The choice of stones for rockeries and installing large stone objects

Stones in rockeries special attention. Large form the basis of a decorative object, a little used to create a kind of background.
When choosing the main boulders should be preferred instances, having aesthetic appeal.

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To create rockeries should choose two or three large stones, which will form the basis of a landscape scene.
For accents and enhance the aestheticeffect stones must use two or three colors. It is desirable not to use granite gray palette, which will be lost in the background of lush greenery.
Very impressive look of stone garden objectstaken from various sources of the natural environment. For example, a structured piece of orange or brown slate will look great in tandem with a smooth black boulder taken from the sea coast. To date, there are still skeptics who believe that flat stone garden should be formed of the stones belonging to the same breed.
Before setting up the largeststone items (weight of the stone can be so important that it is installed, and navigate through the garden will need special equipment) must be concreted in place of its installation site or at least pour a layer of the middle fraction of rubble. Otherwise boulder will eventually move deep into the soil.

Plants for rockeries

For the formation of rockeries should not be used excessively ornate and richly blooming rasteniya.Krome of their preference should be given to the most unpretentious low-growing natural specimens.
Plants that are best suited for the formation of a flat stone garden, divided into four main groups.

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Conifers (dwarf species). Among a variety of coniferous flora to form a harmonious rockeries dachadecor.ru recommends the use of low-growing varieties of juniper, spruce, pine, cypress, arborvitae spherical and other interesting miniature species of this group.
Low-growing shrubs. Among the great variety of plants of this group as an example, compact varieties cinquefoil shrub, some types of spiraea Japanese woman, nodding and honeysuckle, Sunstrike, horizontal cotoneaster.
Herbaceous perennials. Herbaceous perennials (avens, ornamental onions, Heuchera, saxifrage, primrose, geranium, hosts) make it possible to vary the composition and add to it some color. These plants go well with onion (daffodils, crocuses, tulips, Proleski), which may also become parties to the landscape plant-stone fantasy.
Ground cover. To create a garden stone not to use ground cover to grow rapidly. Well into the overall picture of the object being created design ideas fit such plants in this group as sedum, saxifrage, arabisy, young, cat's paw, phlox subulate, Aubrieta. It adds a touch of natural moss.

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The final stage

After all the inhabitants of the stone garden took its rightful place, you can start decorating the compositions with small stones.
First, fit middle layer of gravel fractions. It will serve as a basis for the formation of a layer of decorative stone. In addition, such a "cushion" adds naturalness to create compositions, securely hiding the traces of human intervention in the formation of the landscape.
On top of the first layer is covered with a decorativeStone background rockeries. At the same time, there are many ways to placing gravel: it can simply scatter throughout the area formed by the site, and it is possible, using the gravel several colors to form a variety of patterns. If you are using stones brought from the sea coast, the more often they are arranged individually, forming a kind of surface, which will make its way through the inclusions of groundcover vegetation.
Prerequisite properly well-equippedrockeries is to fill the entire area of ​​the composition that remains between large stones and planted plants, stone loose gravel or pebbles. And we should remember that the smaller the plant, the smaller stones should surround it.

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Adhering to the basic rules,used to create a stone garden described here, adding a touch of fantasy and individuality, you can create a unique landscape masterpiece that will please the eye from season to season without losing its charming appeal.

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