Of these bright and beautiful colors evolvedlegends, they gradually fascinated by the East and "moved" to the West, which are grown for hundreds of years. What is the special charm of tulips? Why do they have become permanent inhabitants of gardens and flower beds, parks and villas? First of all, these flowers captivate its diversity. Different colors and shapes of petals give even inexperienced florist opportunity to realize his idea and create a spectacular composition.
Another advantage of tulips is that they bloom earlier than other colors and trees at the beginning of April. But flowering time depends on the variety. Not to be mistaken with the choice, read the description of the most famous and popular varieties.
At the moment, all the known varieties of tulips They are divided into 15 classes. And they enter the 4 different groups: Ranotsvetuyuschie, srednetsvetuschie, late-. The last group classifies the plants do not bloom on the date and on the wild species and its hybrids.
This group of varieties different early flowering: Usually buds bloom in early April (the exact time depends on the weather). It includes two classes: simple and double early tulips early.
Most varieties refers to the 17-18 century. All of them characterized by strong stems and resistance to bad weather. The buds are shaped like a cup, but quickly dissolved in direct sunlight.
Tulips cooler Cardinal
The unusual shape of these classes allowed to pass through the centuries and to be on the beds gardeners. The buds of the plants are usually stored for a long time, if the same are disclosed in full, may reach 8 centimeters in diameter.
This group Traditional flowering time - May. There are some instances that can be dismissed at the end of April, but it does not depend on the particular variety and weather conditions and maintenance of the plant.
One of the most popular classes, was the result of crossing two others: the Darwinian and simple. These flowers are often found not only on the beds and in gardens and luxurious bouquets as perfect for cutting.
Tall stems, large bud, a wide palette of colors and the ability to maintain a fresh appearance for a long time Tulips make "Triumph" category among the most popular among the lovers of flowers.
Tulips in this class were withdrawn in the sixties of the last century. flowers characterized by large size and high thick stems. The stem can reach up to 80 centimeters, and thebud with full disclosure - 10 centimeters. Very often, the representatives of this class are found in ornamental plantings of different types. Resistance to the virus pestrolepestnosti made them ideal candidates for mass planting areas. And they look great in bouquets, long-lasting form of bud.
End of May - a month when srednetsvetuyuschieTulips "waste", they have a small lifetime. But giving or to decorate a small flowerbed these bright colors you can and at the end of May. Pozdnotsvetuyuschie tulips are particularly resistant to sunlight and the approaching heat. They They begin to bloom in late May and will please look to mid-June.
But be careful, the plants of this group lessall adapted to the harsh weather conditions. If you suddenly come back cold, tulips die. Experienced gardeners advise to prepare the material to hide delicate flowers during sudden temperature changes.
To distinguish these colors can on a thick base and a little square shape bottom of the flower. On the whole, buds resemble glass. A wide palette of colors and shades, as well as the ability for a long time to keep a fresh appearance make them ideal candidates for a place in a beautiful bouquet.
Queen Of Night
These tulips can distinguish even a person who is not interested in breeding colors. The specific shape of the petals indeed reminiscent of lilies, but still in front of you tulips, which were bred in the 16th century. And though they look fragile and delicate, but perfectly retain their shape. They were easy to care for.
They considered quite rare, perfect for cutting and for landing.
This relatively new class was awarded in 1930. All flowers have small fringe at the edge of the petalVaguely reminiscent of frost. Dimensions of the flower can vary, the properties - too. It depends on the specific grade.
This class is now at the peak of popularity. marvelous combination of thin delicate leaves with green stripeThat runs along each of them in the middle of the base, is fascinating. This unexpected combination allows tulips stand out from the mass of other flowers in bouquets and flower beds.
Bright and colorful tulips in this class have attracted a lot of attention. And though most of the flowers struck a virus pestrolepestnostiAgainst the background of the traditional color it is almost imperceptible. Stains and touches petals give an amazing pattern, which can not be repeated.
These stylish and unusual flowers were so namedafter its apparent resemblance with bird wings. Fringing petals surprises with its ragged and disheveled form. Unfortunately, most of the varieties are not intended for cutting. Large flowers are held on thin stems, so often broken. Perfect on the Group.
Many breeders call this class"Peony-" for obvious similarity with peony flowers. Yet these varieties of tulips have their own characteristics: big bud opens quickly and can break off. That is why flowers are not suitable for cutting. But time and tie back, they create a beautiful composition.
Terms and conditions of cultivation and care for tulips
It is worth remembering that Tulips need to dig up and replant every year. Moreover, the place must be chosen so thatfor three years before landing on it not to grow tulips. But proximity to trees and other large plants flowers do not hurt, they still reveal before.
Given the fragile structure of the tulips, it is advisable to plant the plants in sheltered from the wind and direct sun rays field.
these colors needed moisture. In arid spring they need additional watering. At the same time follow the state of the buds and leaves. If the water will get into the "head", the tulip with a thin stem may break.
necessarily fertilize flowers three times in a seasonAs soon as the first shoots notice, before flowering and after.
Closely monitor the status of all colors onsection. Tulips are subject to various viruses, hard to carry, and they quickly become infected. If you find a sick plant, it is better to destroy it or dig along with the surrounding land, to protect it from destruction tulips all around.