Make even the smallest garden and spectacularvery nice help conifers. They look great both individually as well as in composition. With the help of a coniferous tree or shrub can select a specific place on the site. Accents can even people who have never engaged in landscape design.
Besides, there is an undeniable conifersadvantage - they look great year round. This means that the garden will look attractive not only in the summer, during flowering deciduous trees, but in winter, when the ground is covered with snow.
To create a beautiful composition, kindly get acquainted with the properties of various coniferous plants, their differences and characteristics.
Conifers for Gardens: the name and description of the types of varieties
To make the site fit is not allspecies of conifers. Landscape designers have long been identified instances that are not only well take root, but also create an excellent combination with other trees and shrubs. Each group has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. It is worth noting that you can combine plants of different species.
The main representative of this type is a yew. This evergreen plant It can be both homed. and dioecious. Leaflets are all members of a species needle. They are arranged asymmetrically or two-row.
Total is a family It has about twenty representatives. Since the plants demanding to humiditythe composition of air and soil, then they typically grow in the Northern Hemisphere. A large root system allows them to get the right amount of necessary substances, and drained soil allows for active growth.
Yew will not grow in wetlands, as well as on the ground with high acidity. The best thing arrange them in a darkened areaWhere other plants can not normallyfunctioning due to lack of light. We also encourage you to plant yew in a place that is well protected from the wind. This arrangement will benefit the coloration of the plant.
The complexity of work with this group is that all 12 species require special treatment and conditions. Among cypress there are a thermophilic. and cold-resistant plants. Most of the members of the family - the trees, but there are also shrubs.
All evergreen cypress easy to grow from seed. For they do not need extra care. Impressive appearance of the trees made them favorites of landscape designers.
Planted plants with dark green needles are best in shaded areas where the sun will not burn the crown. But the yellow color indicates a landing on a sunny plot.
Plants of this family are common in Asia and Europe, are very common in the wild, but not always suitable for garden decoration. The reason is that typically such trees It reaches a height of 50 meters. Therefore, when choosing the plants you mustpre clarifying its intended size. On a small plot of pine in most cases, will look ridiculous. And yet you can pick up a copy of which will fit into the song.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that the members of this family a strong root systemThat is actively growing. This means that the need for it in advance to allocate more space on the site, without forcing different plants compete for access to vital resources.
A big plus pine that are equally tolerate frost and heatDo not require special care and year-round delight its rich color of the needles.
Tall conifers for garden
These giants will look great on large areas where you can appreciate their beauty, without raising his head. Considered tall conifers, whose size exceeds 2 m. They can become a central part of the composition, and the background for other plants.
- Western Thuja Brabant,
- single-colored fir,
- European cedar pine,
- Spruce barbed Hoopsii and others.
A small portion - not a reason to give upForest beauty. Thick needles in the lower part will form the basis of the composition. For example, Scots pine Watereri, reaching a height of 3 meters to the age of thirty, would look great in the garden and a small size.
Coniferous medium height
It is impossible to imagine a beautiful compositionwithout conifers medium size. They complement the wonderful small flower gardens, maintaining an attractive appearance of the flower beds in the winter. It was their usual planted along the walkway and around the front door, Creating a symmetrical design of the site.
Among the average growth of conifers popular:
- globular Thuja globosa,
- golden yew,
- Spruce Konica and others.
Dwarf conifers for garden
First of all it is necessary to clarify that dwarfconifers is not in all cases are small. Everything in this world is relative, so the dwarf spruce can reach two meters in height. What are the wonders of selection? The size of the original plant is more than 50 meters.
Yet in most cases, dwarf plants do not depart from the ground more than a meter. They look great in combination with stones and ornamental grasses.
We should also highlight:
- Spruce Lombers,
- Mountain pine Hampi,
- Korean fir Piccolo.
Terms of conifers in the garden composition
First of all we must remember that the conifersplants can greatly increase in size. Growth takes time. But in order not to detect in 5-7 years, the composition merged into a continuous sheet, must take into account the expected sizes before landing.
It is also necessary to understand what plants stronglywill grow and which will remain small. Only in this case it is possible to avoid an unpleasant situation, when grown significantly instances close a whole composition.
The ideal background for a lawn conifers. But it must be well-groomed. The combination of trees and shrubs will be great combined with the bright green of new grass.
you can arrange freely in Coniferswhole composition, including it as a dwarf trees and tall plants. They do not "merge" and will look spectacular thanks to the different size of needle leaves and needles of different shades.
The complex composition that pleases the eye in summer and winter - it mixborders. This particular flower It combines several plant speciesThat bloom at different times. Conifers are included in mixborders, so in winter it continued to attract attention and looked fresh and interesting. To create such a composition, designers recommend to take several plants of different heights. Coniferous trees and high shrubspositioned on the edge of a designated area, at the far end from the viewpoint. After the plants are planted in the middle of growth, and the last level are creeping shrubs and dwarf conifers.
Another frequent method of distribution of conifers in the area - planting along the tracks or on the perimeter of the garden. Moreover, such a fence can consist ofseveral "layers". Trees are planted in staggered rows to remain a place for a strong root system. But shrubs can form a continuous line.
Features of care conifers for garden
Unpretentiousness conifers - it is theirunquestionable advantage, yet even they need care. It is especially important to follow the young seedlings of care in the first year of "life" in the area depends on their fate.
It is worth remembering that each plant has its own specific needs. For example, one tree needs watering every two weeks, while others rather than once a month. Thus all seedlings must be watered at least once a week. Once they get accustomed, can be converted to a standard for this type of regimen.
Additional fertilizing It is desirable, but not critical. Since conifers do not need every year to expend energy on the formation of leaves, the nutrients are consumed slowly. For feeding is best to use complex mineral fertilizers.
Not all hardy conifers, so some plants need to cover for the winter. Also, in the heat should monitor the state of the needles may need protection from the sun's rays.
Regular pruning, Giving the desired shape and get rid of weeds and diseased plants - the key to beautiful and prosperous garden.