About what is "repair in a very small kitchen"Know not by hearsay many of our compatriots. The amazing legacy left over from the Soviet period, the so-called "Khrushchevs," are spaces with very modest dimensions, often associated with irregular shapes, asymmetry and other architectural features. Not always the owners of apartments built in the last century have the opportunity to make a redevelopment to expand such an important and multifunctional part of the dwelling as a kitchen. But in a few square meters you need to place a fairly large set of home appliances, storage systems and do not forget about the working surfaces and place for meals. Our compatriots have accumulated considerable experience in arranging small rooms, in finding out every square centimeter of useful space, and in foreign design projects there are often kitchen zones of modest size. Let's try to summarize all this knowledge and deduce the algorithm of actions for arrangement of kitchen of a small area.
Planning - the key to successful repairs
Before you fall into the abyss of a difficult choiceKitchen facades and the search for a manufacturer of furniture, it is necessary to carry out preparatory work. Make a detailed outline of your small room with the location of not only windows and doors, but also communication systems, various architecture features - ledges, niches, garbage chute boxes (if any), ventilation systems. Be sure to find out in advance whether you can transfer engineering systems in your home, often urban multi-apartment buildings have some kind of prohibitions on changing the location of the pipeline, for example.
Next, you need to plan the layout of the kitchenHeadset, the location of household appliances, working surfaces and storage systems. The layout of the furniture ensemble and household appliances will depend on the following factors:
- The size and shape of the room, the location of windows, doors and their number;
- Finding a kitchen in relation to other rooms of the apartment or house (a passage room or adjacent to the dining room, for example);
- Location of water supply lines, sewerage, flue and ventilation systems;
- The need to locate the dining area in the kitchen space (or a small segment for short meals);
- Number of people who will be eating in(At the same time, the fact that there are elderly people and small children among household members, for whom, for example, meals at a bar counter are unacceptable);
- A set of household appliances (for someone there is enough hob and refrigerator, while others need an oven, microwave, dishwasher and a lot of small appliances).
Choose the layout of the kitchen ensemble
Only at first glance it may seem. That modest parameters of the premises impose certain taboos on the use of certain types of layout of the kitchen set. If you do not need to have a dining area within the kitchen space, then almost any kind of storage systems, appliances and work surfaces can be a successful project. If the area of meals will be in a small kitchen, then the choice of compact and ergonomic layouts is significantly narrowed
U-shaped layout for a small kitchen
The layout of the kitchen set in the shape of the letter PAllows you to place the maximum possible number of storage systems, appliances and work surfaces in a small area. At the same time, the so-called "working triangle" consisting of a sink, a plate (or a hob) and a refrigerator is ergonomically placed. But it is important to understand that in a small kitchen with such a layout of the place for installation, even a very small lunch group will not. Yes, and implement the workflow will be more convenient for only one person.
Corner set in a room with a small area
The arrangement of the kitchen ensemble in a g-shaped mannerAllows you to place the necessary number of storage systems and appliances in a relatively small area. In this case, as a rule, there is room for installing a stand-alone module - a kitchen island or a dining group. The rule of the "working triangle" also can be carried out quite easily, placing a plate and a sink in the sides of the headset, which are perpendicular to each other, and put the refrigerator separately.
Parallel layout for a modest kitchen area
The layout of the kitchen set in two rowsIs not suitable for every room. It is obvious that with the arrangement of storage systems, household appliances and work surfaces parallel to each other in a small kitchen there will be no room for installing a dining table or kitchen island. But in some cases such arrangement of furniture and equipment is the most rational way to equip the functional space of the kitchen. Yes, and the "working triangle" with this layout is easily integrated.
Arrangement in one row
One-row layout can be the only oneA variant of the arrangement of a kitchen set (or parts thereof) in kitchens with a small area. In a kitchen room of very modest size or the standard room in which you need to install a dining group, the installation of household appliances and storage systems in one row will look great and will allow you to save precious square meters of free space for maneuvers.
Determine the color palette of a small kitchen
Light shades expand the space
It's no secret that to designSmall rooms light colors are suitable as no others. White color trim will help to hide the imperfections of architecture or the wrong shape of the room, and a light kitchen set will visually increase the area of the room. At the same time, the furniture ensemble, which is located from floor to ceiling, will not look cumbersome, a light tone will give airiness to a monolithic structure. Bring the color in such a snow-white space can be due to the finish of the floor in warm, woody colors or brightly decorated kitchen apron.
Do not deprive yourself of color
A small kitchen is not a reason to put an end toUse of bright colors and contrast combinations. Just need to know the extent to use colorful hues and dark colors. If you plan to install a bright headset (or its parts), then the decoration of a small room should be light (preferably white). And vice versa - when using a bright wall decoration, emphasizing the accent surface with the help of variegated prints, it is better to use single-tone light versions of the facades of kitchen cabinets.
The simplest way to bring color diversity to theThe design of the kitchen - to pave the kitchen apron with bright tiles or mosaic. There are many options for designing an apron in a bright version - from glass wall panels to plastic stained glass.
Dark facades in a small kitchen - choiceBrave and original. Of course, dark shades look luxuriously with modern models of household appliances, but it is important to understand that these surfaces of the facades of kitchen cabinets will have to be courted with redoubled force - even black water droplets can be seen on the black doors.
A classic combination of black, white and redIn furnishing and furnishing of any room helps to create an interesting, original and even slightly dramatic interior. And who said that the small kitchen is not worthy of a high degree and contrast in the design? But do not overdo it with red color if there are dieters among your households - red color enhances appetite.
Stylistics of the interior of a kitchen of modest size
Obviously, the small size of the kitchenSpaces impose an imprint on the choice of style in which the design of the room will be performed. Classical cuisine with carvings and rich decor will look ridiculous. The style of the shebbi-chic, for example, is able to simply smother a small room. A minimalist style simply does not accept small spaces. The best choice will be simple and concise solutions. For example, modern stylistics, striving for maximum practicality, restrained in decoration can be one of the most successful elections.
Design kitchen even small in sizeRetro-style is the easiest, using modern interpretation of household appliances of past years. As a rule, such household appliances are made not only in the original design, but also differ in colorful coloring. Your kitchen will not only be bright, but also original, even with the most trivial choice of color palette for furnishing and furnishing the room.
Choose facades for kitchen cabinets
The first solutions that arise whenPlanning a kitchen set for a small room - smooth facades with hidden accessories. Such solutions will help to save precious centimeters of the kitchen area and will look modern and stylish. But this does not mean that a kitchen of modest size restricts you in choosing those facades that will please the eye for many years. After all, it is from the external image of the kitchen set that almost all the mood of the interior depends.
For those who have snow-white smooth facadesSomewhat trivial option, you can offer a decent alternative - doors with small moldings on the lower tier and glass inserts on the top. To sharpen the furniture ensemble is possible due to the use of contrasting accessories.
Kitchen facades «under a tree» with a colorfulThe natural pattern of wood always brings warmth to the interior of the room. These closet doors will perfectly match both with the gloss of stainless steel on household appliances and with the gloss of stone countertops.
Dining room in a small room
If in a small kitchen, among other things, you needPlace the area for meals, and use the bar counters and extend the countertops of the kitchen islands you do not want, then give preference to dining tables of round and oval shape. So you can even place a few households at a small table. In addition, the absence of sharp corners in the dining area - an important aspect from the point of view of security for a room with limited traffic.
If your kitchen is not dining at the same timeMore than three household members, the question of organizing a place for meals can be solved by extending the countertop of a kitchen island or peninsula. Even a small stand-alone module can be used as a working surface, storage systems and countertops for eating.
Here is an example of the location of the dining area byType of planning in the cafe. Such a zone takes up little space, but at the same time is a large enough dining segment. Empty space under the seats can be used as storage systems.
Kitchen in the attic - special features
Asymmetric room with a large bevel of the ceilingAnd the unusual arrangement of windows - not an excuse to despair and refuse to place the kitchen in the attic space. Here are a few examples of the design of rooms with a complex architecture, in which it was possible not only to create a convenient and practical stop, but also to preserve the attractive and modern appearance of the interior.
A few design tricks that will save space
If your kitchen is not so much space, but the ceilingsHigh enough, you can use this advantage with the benefit of the case - install not just the upper tier of the lockers, and the mezzanine under the ceiling. In such storage systems it will be possible to lay down utensils that you do not use daily, but its presence in the kitchen space is recommended.
Using glossy, glass and mirrorSurface, of course, we can not change the size of the room, but visually expand its boundaries to us by force. Glossy facades of kitchen cabinets, glass inserts in the doors, facing the kitchen apron with shiny tiles - all these little tricks will help visually increase the small kitchen area.
Using open shelves instead of topThe tier of kitchen cabinets is often the only true solution for preserving the feeling of freedom in a small space. Sometimes it is possible to combine storage systems in the upper part of the kitchen. The choice depends on the location of the window, the height of ceilings and the number of household appliances that could not be integrated in the lower tier of the kitchen set.
Open shelves can be used even inThe space of the window opening. Do not deprive the same room of the kitchen of natural light. Glass shelves with dishes like suspended in the air, but at the same time such a storage system is quite roomy.
Alternative to the use of open shelves forStoring utensils, spices and other kitchen accessories - a whole rack from the floor to the ceiling with cells of different sizes. Of course, maintenance of this type of storage system will require a lot of effort, but after all, in small rooms, you have to sacrifice something.
If space is not enough not only for kitchenCabinets, shelves and full shelves instead of the top tier of the kitchen set - this is not an excuse not to use an empty wall at all. Metal horizontal holders are able to withstand a sufficiently high weight. You can hang on them not only cutlery and mini-shelves for spices, but also frying pans, lids, cups and other utensils.
In small spaces it is important to useRationally every centimeter of the kitchen area. Storage systems under the ceiling, shallow cupboards and open shelves, built-in shelving - in the course go and do tricks, like a sliding table top.
A portable kitchen island that performsFunctions of the working surface (cutting area) and the dining segment can significantly facilitate the working kitchen processes and solve the issue of organizing a zone of meals. The table on the wheels is pushed aside or attached to the wall, if it is not needed at the moment and is pushed into the kitchen center during a family dinner.