Kitchen is the most popular place in any home. Talk about how much time in the kitchen space is conducted by the average Russian woman, it is not necessary. Obviously, this room is the heart of the house, its hearth. That's only for most of our compatriots the kitchen space becomes a stumbling block in the planning of repairs and, first of all, because of its small dimensions. Even in standard flats built last century, the kitchens are small, and even about small dwellings and do not mention it at all. The problem of placing all the necessary elements of the interior for conducting working kitchen processes on a modest area of 5-7 square meters. M is familiar not only to most of us, but also to designers all over the world. Over the years, they have managed to develop many techniques, methods for laying out furniture and arranging household appliances, designed to not easily organize the environment for cooking, storing and absorbing food, but also creating a beautiful, functional, ergonomic and practical design. We bring to your attention 100 ideas for decorating the kitchen space of a small area and we hope that the presented design projects will help you find your unique solutions for the kitchen equipment of your dreams, even on a few square meters.
Preparation for planning repairs in a small kitchen
Before proceeding with the basic planning of repairs in the kitchen, it is necessary to find out what measures can be taken to facilitate the design of a small but multifunctional space:
- It is necessary to clearly present the final resultRepair, in a small kitchen there are no trifles, absolutely all elements of the interior need to be listed before starting work - the number of built-in home appliances, the connection of devices to communication systems and the need for their transfer;
- If in your kitchen the usual window, then you need to find out whether it can be expanded during the change of double-glazed windows. The more natural light in a small space, the better;
- It is necessary to find out whether there is a possibility of makingSome large-sized household appliances outside the kitchen - for example, some owners of standard apartments install a washing machine in the bathroom, others have to install it in the kitchen, many manage to build a refrigerator in the closet in the hallway;
- Also, it is important to know in advance - whether it is necessary in the kitchenSpace to equip a full dining area or enough will be a small table-top for short meals (this depends on the number of household members and the possibility of making a dining zone in the living room);
- Stylistic execution of the kitchen spaceIt is necessary to plan in advance (many types of styles simply can not "settle down" in a small kitchen - classical stylistics will be inappropriate, but modern variations on the design of small rooms can not be helped).
Methods of actual and visual expansion of space
In order to actually increase the spaceKitchen, it is necessary to connect it with an adjacent room, most often a living room. In some cases, the hosts manage to use the corridor space to increase the area of the kitchen segment. Another way to increase the number of square meters is to join a balcony or a loggia. Obviously, such measures will require preliminary warming and laying the waterproofing of the balcony.
You can only reach the visual connection of the kitchenWith a corridor or hallway, if you remove the door and finish the adjacent rooms in the same color with the same finishing materials. It will create the feeling of one smoothly flowing space, rather than two tiny rooms.
But most often actually change a smallKitchen area is not possible. In the arsenal of apartment owners there are only design techniques for visual expansion of the space of the kitchen space, and there are a lot of them:
- The use of light colors for decoration and execution of the furnishing of the premises - snow-white surfaces perfectly reflect light, visually increase the volume of space;
- If the ceiling is made in white, the walls - on the tone-two are darker, and the floors - completely dark, then visually the height of the room will seem bigger than it really is;
- This effect can be achieved by using a light tone for the execution of the upper tier of kitchen cabinets and dark shades for the lower part of the headset;
- Glossy surfaces contribute to the visual expansion of the size of the room and the spread of lighting - this can be the facades of the kitchen set, countertops and stretch ceiling;
- If the floor tiles are laid out diagonally, the floor area will appear larger;
- Use of glass countertops for diningTables and furniture made of transparent plastic (acrylic) helps to create an easy image of a small room - interior items seem to dissolve in space.
In small rooms it is better not to useMotley textiles - curtains on the windows, tablecloth on the table. A large picture in a small kitchen will be inappropriate. It is also important to get rid of all unnecessary, use a minimal amount of decorative elements. If you need to put a house plant on a window sill, then let it be the only one, if you need to hang potholders and aprons, it is better to hide them in the closet. In small rooms, you can create a heap and clutter up very quickly.
Variants of the layout of the kitchen ensemble
From what is the kitchenSet largely depends on the situation throughout the room. The location of storage systems, built-in appliances and work surfaces affects not only the appearance of the kitchen, but also the ergonomics of kitchen processes, the convenience of using the room and even its safety. In a small area, choosing the right, most successful layout becomes one of the most pressing issues. So, the location of the kitchen ensemble in the room will depend on the following factors:
- By default we accept the fact that all considered variants of spaces have a small area, so the form of the room becomes important;
- The dimensions of the window and doorway, their location relative to adjacent rooms;
- Passage of communication systems (not all buildings can be re-planned gas pipes, for example);
- Number of built-in household appliances;
- The need to arrange a place for food and the number of households for which a zone for meals should be designed.
Layout in which a kitchen setIs located in a row, suitable for very small kitchen spaces, in which it is necessary to place a dining table (console, countertop - any surface serving for food). Also, single-row arrangement is advisable to use in dwellings of bachelors and married couples without children, who do not need to build a large number of household appliances.
When the kitchen ensemble is placed in one rowIt is not easy to observe the rule of the "working triangle", it is necessary to install a refrigerator near the wall perpendicular to the headset. Then all the main working points (vertices of the conditional triangle) will be located ergonomically - a refrigerator, a sink and a stove (cooking surface).
Often, single-row breading is accompanied byInstallation of an island or peninsula. In the conditions of saving the useful space of a small kitchen, the peninsula construction is most often used, in which household appliances, a sink or a hob can be integrated. Most often, the peninsula serves as a place for meals (if the apartment is inhabited not by 1-2 people, then such a dining zone will not cause discomfort).
One-row layout is also used in case,If the kitchen is part of a combined room (there is a dining room and living room). The so-called "kitchen in the closet" can only be represented in such an arrangement of storage systems and household appliances. The convenience of such a kitchen is that in the case of the reception of guests, it is enough only to close the doors of the cabinet and the room becomes a full-fledged living room. And it does not matter - whether there were dirty dishes in the sink or not disassembled products on the cutting surfaces.
L-shaped or angular
Corner layout is great for premisesSquare and rectangular (not very elongated) shape. This is the best option for placing the necessary number of kitchen utensils on a minimum number of square meters. In addition, to distribute the "working triangle" in this case will not be difficult. The corner layout leaves some space, even in a very small kitchen - it can be used to install a small dining table (best of all oval shape) or a console that is attached only to the wall to save space.
In conditions of economy of each squareCentimeter, storage systems in the form of closed cupboards or open shelves are used in any accessible place. For example, the space around the window opening can be used with maximum efficiency.
Not less important in the furniture headsetArrange the most efficient storage. In modern stores, there are enough convenient and functional devices that help to distribute storage of dishes, cutlery and various kitchen accessories. And the production of furniture ensemble on an individual project (and for small kitchens that's exactly how it usually happens) and will at all help create an ideally adapted storage system for your conditions.
If you do not need to place a lunchGroup in the kitchen area, but there is a need for a large number of storage systems and household appliances, then the U-shaped layout can be an ideal option. Organize a "working triangle", i.e. Place ergonomically the refrigerator, stove and sink, it will not be difficult. In most cases, the U-shaped form of the upper level of cabinets is interrupted by a window opening - this helps to avoid the accumulation of storage systems, which in a small kitchen can create a "slammed box effect". If the windows are not in the room (and sometimes it is), then experts recommend using a combination of storage systems - alternating hanging cabinets with open shelves.
In case your kitchen has a shapeRectangle and one of the short walls contains a doorway, and the second is a large window or balcony block, then the optimal layout for the kitchen set will be a parallel arrangement. Most often, such a layout does not leave room for a dining group. But, if the room is really long, and there is little need for storage systems, there will also be room for small-sized lunch table.
Finishing in a small kitchen area
When choosing the finishing materials for the kitchen space, it is necessary to take into account the special microclimate of this multifunctional room:
- high humidity;
- Temperature differences;
- Possible mechanical damage (in particular, this applies to flooring);
- The possibility of cleaning surfaces (sometimes with the use of chemical cleaners).
If we talk about the features of the choice of finishes forSmall spaces, then to the listed technical characteristics it is necessary to add aesthetic - conciseness of design, light shades and simplicity in operation. In other words, the finish in a small kitchen should be a light, practical and aesthetic background for a kitchen set that occupies most of the space.
To finish the ceiling is best to useThe simplest solutions (especially if the room has a small height) is an ideally smooth, flat ceiling of white color will be an ideal option. Complexly structured pendant structures in several levels of small space simply can not stand visually.
For the decoration of walls it is better to choose monophonicVariants of non-woven wallpaper (they can be cleaned with a damp sponge), decorative plasters, wall panels or liquid wallpaper. To decorate the kitchen apron, ceramic tiles will be an ideal option. In matters of finishing small spaces, it is necessary to focus not so much on modern trends as on common sense and personal comfort - the finishing material must retain its original presentable appearance even after several years of intensive use and purification.
In order not to visually "break" the wallsA small kitchen on the strip, experts recommend using the kitchen apron finishing up to the ceiling. In some cases, this method helps maintain the integrity of the image - the weight depends on the selected layout of the headset, the ceiling height and the location of the window opening.
Ideal for floor standingCoating - the use of porcelain tiles. It is able to withstand the impact of falling objects, it is resistant to high humidity, temperature changes and purification by chemical means, does not burn out in the sun and it serves for many years. Floor tiles can imitate masonry or various types of wood, giving the modest interior of a small kitchen a touch of luxury.
Color solutions for walls and facades of kitchen cabinets
If the room is very tiny, then except lightA color palette for wall decoration and the execution of a kitchen set can hardly be invented something better. Snow-white surfaces will help to create not only a bright and clean, but also an easy image, which is important in the risk of creating an effect of enclosed space. Dilute this snow-white idyll with impregnations of household appliances - dark spots and glitter of stainless steel. And the color accent can be brought bright dishes.
The advantage of snow-white facades is that theirCan be built from the ceiling and the resulting ensemble will not look cumbersome, monolithic. But the useful space of a small kitchen will be used as efficiently as possible. On the upper shelves you can put items of infrequent use.
To ensure that your small kitchen does not resembleHospital room, the designers recommend "dilute" the snow-white (pastel tones) surfaces with wooden furniture and decoration elements. The warmth of the natural pattern of wood not only diversifies the light interior of the kitchen, but also brings much needed comfort and comfort to the kitchen environment.
An even greater effect can be achieved if"Dilute" light surfaces with contrasting dark elements of the interior. These may be countertops of dark wood, artificial or natural stone, edging of the kitchen apron, floor covering and even lighting fixtures.
To acceptable options for color solutions of facadesKitchen set in a small area can be attributed light shades of gray, beige, blue, mint, pistachio, olive, turquoise and sand color. On a white background, even such pastel colors will stand out, look impressive. But at the same time, a pleasant shade for the eyesight will not become an obstacle in creating a light, bright and at the same time practical image of the kitchen space.
Lighting and decoration in a kitchen with small dimensions
The smaller the room, the more important the role becomesLighting system. In order to ensure your small kitchen with the maximum amount of sunlight, use not thick curtains, but thin curtains, a translucent veil for draping windows. Or at all refuse textiles for window openings (it is possible to decorate with a lambrequin only the top part). If the room is located on the south side of the building and protection from the sun is simply necessary, it is better to use a laconic and attractive version of drapery - fabric roller blinds.
Sources of artificial light in a kitchen with a smallArea is paid particular attention. Obviously, one central chandelier in the kitchen space is indispensable - there is need for spotlights or ribbon lighting for working areas and places for meals. Fixtures can be built around the perimeter of the ceiling and under the hinged boxes. Instead of the built-in lighting on the ceiling, you can use one large chandelier (it all depends on the height of the ceiling) or a couple of small pendant lamps - above the working area and dining room.