Repair in the kitchen of a small area is a problem familiarMost of our compatriots. In "Khrushchev" and apartments of standard layout, the size of the kitchen space ranges from 5 to 7 sq.m. It is not easy to place in the framework of such a small room the necessary amount of home appliances, storage systems and most often establish a dining area. Well, if such a kitchen will be used by a married couple, and if you organize a daily meal for a family of three or four people? The owners of small kitchen spaces need to solve a lot of dilemmas and acute issues in planning the repair or reconstruction of a multifunctional room. Donate one cupboard for dishes in favor of the dishwasher? Or take the dining area into the living room? Leave the refrigerator or "move" it into the hallway, disguised as an ensemble of storage systems? How to rationally use every centimeter of useful space and at the same time not create the sensation of a small, littered kitchenette, in which it is difficult for one person to turn around, not that the entire family is housed. Let's try to answer these questions together with practical, interesting and functional design projects of kitchen facilities, collected by us in a selection of impressive sizes. We hope that the universal design ideas presented by specialists from all over the world will help you organize a comfortable, modern and externally attractive environment in your kitchen.
Principles of interior design in a small room
Before embarking on planning a workerProcess for remaking your small kitchen, it is necessary to refresh in memory a few basic moments of the formation of a comfortable, functional and at the same time beautiful design:
- Bright color palette - the best optionFor small spaces. It's no secret that white surfaces perfectly cope with the visual increase in the volume of the room, reflect light and create an easy and clean image of the interior. But in everything it is important to observe the measure. To decorate the kitchen only in a light tone, neglecting dark spots and color accents, achieving an externally attractive result, is not easy;
- Use of glossy, glass and mirrorSurfaces contribute to the expansion of space. Gloss can be present on the kitchen facades, finishing the apron and even the floor covering. Glass cabinet doors visually make the image of the kitchen unit lighter and fresh. A translucent chairs and a table of plastic seem to dissolve in space, without making it heavier. Thin chrome legs of chairs or bar stools are great for small rooms - they look elegant and modern;
- The basis for the successful formation of kitchen interiorMakes the right choice of kitchen layout. Not only the quantity and location of storage systems, work surfaces and household appliances will depend on the choice of the layout of the kitchen ensemble, but also the entire image of the room;
- "Simple" interiors seem more spacious, so it is important to discard all unnecessary, minimize decorativeness and make a bet on the practicality of all elements of the interior;
- Repair in the kitchen is a great opportunityTo review all kitchen utensils, household appliances and the number of necessary accessories. Conduct an audit, get rid of all the excess (often home appliances, and not pulled out of their boxes, occupying half of the storage space, and large dining sets are not used and half of their capabilities);
- If you have the opportunity to make a dining area out of the kitchen - do it, leaving more space for cooking and storing food;
- Get rid of the interior door separatingKitchen with the rest of the premises (your hood will in any case cope with the smells of cooking and the droplets of fat in the air that can arise during cooking) and finish in both segments in the same color scheme and possibly even using the same materials . Then there will be a feeling of continuing one space, rather than dividing the apartments into mini-rooms;
- Use the results of technical progress onThe use of its small kitchen - the right choice of household appliances (in terms of size and functionality), the distribution of storage systems (use of corners and hard-to-reach places) will not only save precious meters, but also reduce the time spent on implementing certain work processes;
- Providing a small space sufficientLevel of illumination - a pledge of a visual increase in its volume. If we often can not influence the size of the window opening, then we can equip the kitchen with artificial light sources. Central chandelier even in a small kitchen is not enough. It is necessary to illuminate the working surfaces well. Several built-in lights or backlighting the lower part of the upper tier of cabinets - to achieve the goal there are many options.
Choose the layout of the furniture ensemble
The choice of kitchen layout will beDepend on the shape of the room, the number and location of door and window openings, the number of household appliances that you need to equip the kitchen. Also, the choice of layout will be influenced by the possibility of moving the dining area to another room or the need to place a dining area in a small kitchen. Within the standard apartment, the kitchen space is most often represented by a separate room. But in private houses or apartments, where the re-planning was carried out, the kitchen can also be a passage room. Of course, the location of the kitchen area in relation to other rooms will also affect the layout of the furniture ensemble and household appliances.
If your small kitchen is a checkpointRoom or has an exit to the balcony, then the most appropriate will be the location of the kitchen set in a parallel way in two rows. Of course, this option is suitable only for rooms in which there is no need to have a dining area. In parallel planning, even in a small kitchen, it is possible to accommodate a large number of storage systems, while integrating all the necessary household appliances.
One of the options for using a parallelLayout is the placement of a full ensemble from the upper and lower tier of kitchen cabinets on one side and an island or peninsula of similar dimensions on the other. Such a compact ensemble can be placed in the corner of the room, which combines the living and dining areas or functions as kitchen and dining area of a small space.
U-shaped layout allows you to installA large number of cabinets and household appliances even in a small kitchen. "Rule triangle" - the location of the refrigerator, cooker (hob) and sink in the imaginary vertices of the figure, perform simply with such a layout of the furniture ensemble. But this leaves little room for maneuvers. With this arrangement of the kitchen set, the dining area must be taken out to another room.
Angular or L-shaped layout - universalA variant of the location of storage systems, appliances and work surfaces in the kitchen space of any size. The location of the working triangle meets the rules of ergonomics, the hostess (owner) is convenient to move between the basic elements of the kitchen base. At the same time the headset is quite spacious, practical.
Very often the corner arrangement of furnitureThe headset is complemented by a peninsula - a module attached to the main part of the ensemble. Such a device allows not only to increase the number of storage systems or to build an oven in a peninsula, for example, but also to organize a place for breakfast (for a couple, the table top of the module can become a place for constant food intake).
For small kitchen spacesOne-row layout of furniture ensemble with built-in technique is the only possible option. Especially it concerns premises in which besides a working zone it is necessary to place and a dining sector. The single-row layout is compact, but with an abundance of built-in technology, there is little room for storage space for storage systems. Therefore, in modern projects, you can increasingly see the placement of a kitchen set from the ceiling to the floor. On the upper shelves you can place kitchen utensils, which the owners do not use often and then the issue of access to the cabinets located under the ceiling, will not stand sharp.
If it is necessary to place the dining area inThe modest size kitchen, designers offer several options for solving the problem of rational use of useful space. To save space will allow compact tables of round and oval shape - they occupy less space, but can accommodate more people. But in many kitchens there is not enough room even for a small table. The solution may be to extend the countertop of the kitchen set about the principle of the bar counter. For a couple such a place for meals will be enough. Folding mechanisms and compact consoles that are attached to the wall (often resting on only one rack) are also capable of becoming an excellent solution for arranging a place for meals in a small kitchen.
Portable compact island - excellentThe help in the organization of workers' webs and places for meals in a small kitchen. You can move your workstation on wheels depending on the processes being performed, and in case of need, simply move it to the wall. The worktop of the island can be used as a working surface and as a dining table.
Color palette - creating an image of the kitchen space
The appearance of the kitchen is formed by the finishSurfaces and facades of the furniture ensemble. Obviously, these two most important components must be in harmony with each other. But this does not mean that all elements should be performed exclusively in light colors. Light shades increase the space, create an easy, relaxing atmosphere. But their search can create an image of a sterile room that does not fit in with the presentation of many of us about the comfortable and cozy heart of the dwelling - the kitchen. Among modern design projects, there are many examples of successful combination of dark and light tones within small spaces. Using predominantly light tones, underlined by dark elements, one can achieve uneasy contrasting image of the room, but a unique, original design.
It is difficult to imagine a small kitchen with a darkThe color of the walls. Such a design example is able to "squeeze" an already small amount of kitchen space. But this does not mean that in a small kitchen the walls should be exceptionally white - a lot of pastel shades are great for creating an ideal background for furniture and household appliances. Obviously, in a small room it is worth noting finishing with any print. Only one-color options and preferably in a light version. Brightness, motley ornament or pattern can be left for finishing the kitchen apron. Let it be only one, but an accent element of the kitchen interior.
Bring a touch of brightness to the light kitchen is easy. For anyone who worries that a room with light walls and white facades can be associated with an operating theater, there is a simple way - bright details. This can be dishes on open shelves, made in one bright color, retro-style home appliances, which often have a very colorful color.
The combination of dark flooring and lightWalls allows you to visually increase the height of the room. Against the backdrop of the pastel shades of the vertical surfaces, it is not difficult to choose a darker palette for the floors - the imitation of a wooden covering with ceramic granite or tiles, creating the illusion of masonry, will not only be a beautiful addition to the interior decoration, but also a practical and durable floor covering.
Appearance of kitchen facades in many respects formsThe image of the whole room. From the color palette, the features of the performance and the location of the facades of the furniture ensemble, not only the design of the entire kitchen depends, but also the atmosphere, the level of comfort and convenience of being in the room and conducting work processes. For a small kitchen, the principle of "less is better" is also applicable to the choice of furniture. Laconic facades in a smooth design, lack of decoration, a minimum of visible fittings - the choice of designers for small kitchen spaces.
Absolutely smooth light facades - a frequent elementDesign projects of kitchen spaces, decorated in a modern style. This approach to the formation of furniture sets allows creating an interior in which there will not be a pressing atmosphere of a small room, and an easy and fresh image will be created. In combination with modern household appliances it is the strict facades without handles and decor that look most effective, modern, organic.
Using glass inserts in the upper tierThe kitchen set allows you to refresh the image of the room somewhat, making it easier. For a small space in which the furniture ensemble and household appliances are located in a continuous "flow", such interior elements can become a highlight, a nuance of design.
Gray color is incredibly popular in modernDesign-projects. Kitchen design was no exception - the neutrality of the color palette allows creating ensembles that fit organically into any interior, creating an unpretentious atmosphere in which everyone is comfortable. Different shades of gray are easily combined with the light decoration of the walls of a small room and harmoniously look with the shine of household appliances and accessories. And to create a color accent on the background of gray facades, it is enough to use bright dishes or to install a pair of colorful chairs.
Kitchen facades of light wood (or herEffective imitation) - an excellent opportunity of introducing natural heat into the interior of a small kitchen. A light woody pattern does not make the image of the room worse, but at the same time it will bring the necessary comfort that most owners want so much to see in the space where they have to spend a lot of time. The tree is perfectly combined with dark spots of household appliances, light walls. Select the color of the countertop to similar facades is also not difficult. You can "play" in contrast and use dark worktops - let it be the only accent in the interior. Light tabletops will also look organic, giving the image of the kitchen space even more freshness and lightness.
Metallized facades (stainless steel,As a rule) - a choice for modern style or high-tech. Not even a large kitchen can be designed in these styles very organically. The facades of stainless steel are practical and durable. But it is important to understand that they will require a lot of care too - reflecting surfaces increase the traces of fingers and even drops of clean water. Execution of metal facades will look organically, if you use them only for the lower tier of cabinets, and replace the upper level with open shelves. Thus, the kitchen will look easier, more interesting.
Facades of dark colors are not recommended by specialistsUse in small kitchens. If your color preferences are in an exceptionally dark palette and the kitchen space has at least medium scales, then you can use the deep dark tone of the facades only in combination with a white ceiling, light walls and a floor covering. Even the countertops in this case it is better to perform from a light stone or its analogues.
Kitchen combined with living room and dining room - interior features
If your kitchen area is part of the room,Combining the functions of the living room and dining room, then it must be designed in accordance with the main motives of the overall picture of the multifunctional space. Obviously, the idea of combining several life segments within a single room was caused by space savings. Creation of a convenient and at the same time quite spacious premises is possible when using an open plan. As a rule, in such cases, the kitchen area is represented by a single-row (sometimes corner) suite. If the room has sufficient area, then the kitchen set can be supplemented by an island of small dimensions. But most often the compact kitchen flows smoothly into the dining area, represented only by the dining group.
In an open-plan room, it is assumedUse of some finishing materials for all functional segments. The only exception is the design of the kitchen apron, to protect the surface of which you need a finish that withstands high temperatures and constant exposure to moisture. In a similar room zoning occurs at a conditional level - with lighting, furniture, sometimes - carpet.