The term "exterior" in architecture impliesExternal appearance of the structure. When it is designed professionals are repelled from the natural environment, the technogenic environment, as well as their own passions and creative ambitions. Today we will consider now the most popular option - decorating a house with a tree. It is this decoration of your home, both inside and outside, that has a number of undeniable advantages.
Wooden appearance: let's talk about the merits
Think about tastes and personal preferencesinfinitely. But hardly anyone will argue with the fact that a wooden house in itself causes a feeling of warmth and home comfort. Plus, he still has a number of advantages:
- The natural attractiveness of a wooden frame;
- Good thermal conductivity and soundproofing;
- Unique texture of wood;
- The tree is convenient and practical for processing;
- Beautiful looks in combination with stone, glass and even plastic products.
Modern processing methods reliably protectWood from corrosion and decay, due to which we get a practical, durable and absolutely safe material, endowed with excellent aesthetic data.
Wooden exterior: design elements
Perhaps the main element of the exterior designWooden houses is the planking, which is used as a board (under the bar), lining, planking, siding and block house. All these materials are specially treated wood, which is often made in the form of long-lathing slats.
Important in the design of the exteriorThe wooden fence plays a wooden house. This is the first element, which is the main indicator of the style and image of the exterior decoration of the house. Unusual forms of the upper part of the fence, the original arrangement of wooden boards, picturesque painted gate once again emphasize the individuality and impeccable taste of the owners.
When arranging the exterior of a country houseSpecial attention should be paid to garden furniture. Wooden pergolas, a pair of swings, facing each other, will additionally decorate the overall appearance. The picnic areas with barbecue facilities are very actual here, and wooden tables with benches placed nearby will become a favorite resting place for the whole family and best friends.
Flower garden is used as an exquisite decoration of the exterior. They used to be fenced with a fence, but today a lot of original ideas of professionals make floral fences much more interesting and beautiful: these are wooden trellises with curly roses, and picturesque flower gardens in the form of bogies, barrels, and even figured arches.
Perfect coloring at home will give wooden shutters, trim, a spacious veranda or a neat porch.
The art of style of the exterior of wooden houses
To date, long-established stereotypesAnd the association does not stop. The expression "wooden building" subconsciously draws a view of nature, the village and the old-fashioned porch, and the "log cabin" immediately evokes thoughts of a fairy-tale hut on the edge. However, standard thinking is not the best option when you need a creative approach to the design of a country house project. Modern technologies, individual style and imagination allow us to introduce absolutely any, even the most atypical ideas of our own home.
Wooden buildings look harmoniously surrounded by picturesque forest and mountain ranges, murmuring streams and shimmering reservoirs.
Of course, such landscapes impose appropriate requirements for the design of the exterior. But even this is not an obstacle to designing a wooden exterior in your favorite style.
Country style is, perhaps, the most natural andA simple variant of the design of a country house built of rounded logs or timber. Varieties of rural style, and each in its own way reflects the national charm and color of this or that country.
In this case, the projects of wooden houses are oftenMean the features of the American village, the so-called ranch, and can resemble the pretty English houses surrounded by a wicker hedge or flowering gardens.
The Russian country variation offers a distinctiveColor. Merchant luxury mansions, a classic Russian hut, or a modern design of a country wooden house equally express national traditions, customs and folklore.
Designing a house in a similar style, designers often erect gables as a decoration of the second floor, and wooden windows are decorated with external doors.
An alternative solution will be plastic designs, decorated with slats with imitation wood. The roof, made of slate, tile or cane, will look very organically on the general background.
Designs of Finnish wooden exteriorsSuggest an optimal balance of quality and cost. For the construction of houses in this case, a profiled glued beam is most often used. Its unique characteristics are available for year-round operation and construction without deforming the wood.
As a rule, Finnish houses are built in shortTiming, as the production of the beam is done by the factory in-line method, and the corresponding profile assumes the accuracy of the parts, excluding their fitting already on the construction site itself. That is why this type of building is very popular. At the same time, the virtuoso organization of the Finnish house will emphasize its individuality and originality. In the traditional version, such structures have a sloping gable roof and one floor, but this does not limit the desire and imagination of consumers. Architects can always design the second floor, attic, extra room or sauna.
Alpine house on the background of picturesque mountainArrays - another popular form of wooden construction. This chalet has a more rational layout. Most often we can see a luxurious spacious terrace and a few nice balconies, skilfully complementing the appearance of houses in the Swiss style.
The roof is made of bulky logs flat,Outside the boundaries of the structure, with minimal surface treatment. Such a dwelling is a real refuge from any bad weather, and a deliberate exterior gives the impression of a reliable protector. Therefore, the rough texture with knots looks very organic here.
If the strict exterior seems too aggressive, the alternative is a profiled bar. Such a Swiss house will become more neat, but less characteristic for this style.
Elegant houses in the style of "modern" - this is the realArt of design. The magnificent composition of individual elements against a background of refined and at the same time simple architecture, like a magnet, attracts the sight of passers-by and pleases the household. And all kinds of descents, ascents, turns give the exterior of individuality and special charm.
Creative lanterns and fences are harmoniousCombined with the general exterior. And it should be noted that the multifaceted charming modernist style will perfectly fit into the landscape, thanks to its elegant floral ornaments.
Forged items, picturesque painting on the windows andDoors make the house completely different from other cottages. The windows can be completely different - square and round, large and small, and even placed along the entire log wall.
Subtlety facings of the facades of wooden houses
Today, the facade decoration is so diverse,That even the most choosy buyer can choose for himself the most liked option: from all sorts of materials to different methods of coloring. Consider the most optimal and popular ways of facing.
The use of plaster is quite reliableWay of finishing the facade. It gives the house a unique decorative look, while admixtures of quartz, pigments and crumbs of rocks often mimic natural expensive materials.
- Sand-cement plaster is perfect for areas with high humidity and temperature changes;
- Acrylic varieties tolerate moisture perfectly, but unlike sandy-cement varieties, they do not withstand the temperature difference, so they often cover expanded polystyrene;
- Plaster based on silicone resin significantlyIt is superior in quality to other species. In addition to good resistance to moisture and temperature changes, it still perfectly resists ultraviolet rays.
An increasingly popular method of finishing woodenHouses is the coloration of the facade. And it is not surprising, because it is more reliable protection of wood from weather and pests. Today, a wide variety of paints and varnishes offers a wide choice to customers: it's alkyd enamel, and water emulsion, and oil paint and all sorts of materials from polyurethane.
It should be noted that the reliable protection of the tree fromMoisture will provide only paint, forming a continuous visually inconspicuous film. Facade acrylic paints stand, thanks to organic solvents and acrylic resins. The strength of the coating is also affected by the color of the paint. So, for example, darker colors tolerate the sun badly: they heat up faster, contributing to the rapid drying of wood.
Facades with a three-dimensional construction
Such facades are attached to special frames withAdditional racks. This design is perfectly ventilated, because there is free space between the heater and the outside of the wall.
A variety of ventilated facades isQuite a cheap type of finishing - siding. Made of wood, cement, metal or vinyl, siding is used in accordance with specific requirements for the room.
Stone for the facade of the house
Stone facade decoration - a pleasure not cheap,Especially when it comes to natural materials. But prestige, beauty, durability and durability fully justify this choice. Alternatively, you can use an artificial stone.
Its affordable price and weight of benefits will pleaseMany inhabitants. For example, the color palette is much more interesting and diverse than that of a natural stone. It is highly resistant, frost-resistant and light enough, and therefore will be strong and reliable to hold. A wide choice of shape, texture allows us to show the creative potential of the architect and designer.
The most universal and popular option for artificial stone is brick. This material assumes all the possibilities of skinning.
A variety of shapes, sizes, shades allows you to create a lot of unique combinations. An interesting option may be facing a round brick, giving the corners a softer graceful shape.
Facade boards and panels
The paneling of the facade with panels and boards is excellentA multi-layer structure with good thermal insulation and a luxurious decorative view. Materials of such a finish should be a qualitative complement to each other in order to avoid possible detachment or deformation. It is also very important that moisture leaves the walls.
Thermal panels for facade decoration are now popular. This material is an excellent heat insulator. It is light enough, does not require powerful ceilings and a cumbersome foundation. It consists of polyurethane and clinker tiles with imitation of wood, stone or brick. Installation of thermal panels is made at any time of the year on any coating, whether concrete or wood.
Today, the boarding does not use a specialPopularity, compared to new, more practical materials. This is due to the fact that this type of skin is short-lived, and is quite expensive. However, if the tree is treated with a special impregnation, which prevents the appearance of fungi, mold and moisture protection, then the lining will serve much more.
Modern design of wooden exteriors withTaking into account the subtle features and nuances of the material can be the most diverse and original, because the imagination, talent, professionalism of builders and architects will please even the most demanding and fastidious customers.