In a modern country house must beTo be a veranda, so many owners of similar apartments consider and, in fact, such a belief is right one hundred percent. First of all, such an extension to the house will be an ideal place for a summer holiday, when you do not want to languish in the house, but at the same time you want to hide from the scorching summer sun. In addition, in winter, this building will protect the entrance to the house from unfavorable weather conditions, and if it is insulated and heated, then in such a veranda it will be possible to relax on weekends in the cold winter.
How to choose the material
The basic rule for veranda constructionIs only that it does not have to be stylistically different from home. This does not mean that if the house is made of bricks, then the verandah must necessarily be made entirely of bricks. The compatibility of materials is important here. A natural tree is ideal for a brick, but again, if in the veranda these materials will be competently combined. But if the house is sheathed with siding, then on its background the verandah with an abundance of glasses, plastic and metal will look great, and at the end of such ensemble there will be a sliding glass door.
So, as it was already possible to understand, for the constructionVerandas usually use either a brick, or a bar and a board, or construct a frame from a metal profile and after sew it. Naturally, the most reliable material is brick, but faster and cheaper than all, oddly enough, to build a veranda from a log or beams using wireframe technology. Attached to the veranda, as a rule, to the front wall, make it at least 2.5 meters in length and 6 meters in width, naturally, if the plot allows. At the same time, the entrance door is left inside the summer extension.
Stages of construction
First, care should be taken to ensure thatThe future annex was not outlawed. After all, if you suddenly decide to sell a property with such a construction, it will entail a lot of problems and waste of time. Therefore, you must first take care that the documents are in order. The solution of this problem has two ways: to make a project and get a building permit in the architectural department of the settlement before the construction starts or to legalize the construction in court after the fact. In general, you can not just leave this question and if you decide to attach a veranda to the house, you need to take care of making sure that everything in the documents for this house is also in order.
The construction of the veranda followsStart with the cleared area. To do this, it is necessary to remove the fertile layer of the earth by about 15 cm. Further, proceeding from the desired dimensions of the future building, make a breakdown by hammering the corners of the future construction of the pegs and pulling the twine around the perimeter. After this, you can start building the basement of the veranda.
There is one small, but very important nuance: The foundation of the extension should be made the sameDepth, as the foundation of the house, but you can not connect them, you need to leave a gap of about 4cm between them. It is very important to follow this recommendation of experienced builders, because this will preserve the integrity of the structure and the large building will not pull light construction.
If the foundation construction is a wireframe orWooden, for it the columnar foundation will approach, and if it is planned to erect a verandah from a brick or to warm it subsequently, then it is better to make a band solid foundation.
Fundamental bars deepen into the groundApproximately 60 cm and erect them at a distance of half a meter from each other, filling the entire area under the veranda. The ground part of the column is made of brick or block masonry, calculating the height so that in the future the floor of the extension is on a par with the main building. For a basement base, the plinth can be cast with a basic mortar using a frame structure.
After the foundation was frozen, and were removedFrame boards, all space under the floor for insulation must be filled with expanded clay. Further, the entire foundation or its elements (columns) must be laid with a roofing felt in two layers. After this, you can proceed to install and secure the lag and flooring from a shaped board. Of course, in the veranda you can make and concrete floor, but if you do not apply materials for thermal insulation such a floor will be very cold.
Erection of a wooden frame
After the rough floor has been madeTo proceed to the erection of walls. To do this, you need 10-by-10-cm squared beams. The progress of the work begins with fixing the beams for the lower strap around the perimeter of the veranda, connecting them at the joints and corners with a so-called direct lock.
After in this harness make grooves for installationVertical racks, which are subsequently fixed with nails and staples. After all the racks in place go to the fastening of the beams for the top harness. At the junction with the house on the top of the construction lay a beam on which the rafters will lie. This beam and all the posts adjoining the main building are fastened at the top with anchor bolts. Next is the installation sequence of the rafter system.
After the main frame is ready the whole treeMust be treated with an antiseptic. Further, the roof is made of the same type as that of the houses, while it is necessary to choose the identical roofing material as on the main building, otherwise the verandah will look somewhat ridiculous.
Sheathing of walls
Before proceeding to the skin,Think about which windows you want to see on your veranda and where they will be located. Glass blocks from the roof itself to the floor look pretty impressive. However, if you stop at standard windows, you will have to install special window boards to decorate window openings. This board is fixed with vertical posts and ends with an opening of the upper crossbar. By the same type of make and doorway. After that, you can proceed to the plating and the internal wall insulation of the building. Next is the turn of the installation of window blocks and a finishing finish inside and outside the veranda.
Features of erection of a verandah from a brick
When choosing a heavier one in comparison with a treeBuilding material must take care of a more solid foundation for such construction. To erect a verandah of brick or blocks, you only need to use a strip foundation, only in this case the structure will be strong.
The main disadvantage of this design isOnly in the fact that if you do not have the skill to work with a brick, then you can not build a veranda yourself, unless of course it is planned to decorate it with decorative plaster. It should also be noted that for the veranda there is enough masonry in half a brick, having insulated such a wall, it will be quite comfortable in winter.
Interior of the veranda
Building an extension to the house is half the battle,Because in order for the veranda to become a truly favorite place of rest, you need to properly arrange it. As for the exterior design, everything is simple and clear - the extension must perfectly blend in with the main structure.
But in order to equip a comfortableThe verandah will have to try. So, first you need to decide on the style of the interior and those elements of furniture that you want to see in your veranda. It is very convenient when a fireplace or a special oven is equipped in the veranda, where it is possible to barbecue and barbecue, so it is necessary to divide the space into several zones: the preparation area of the treats and the rest area.
It's not necessary to carry water in the veranda, because everythingCooking can be done in the house in the kitchen, but some kind of counter or table will be very handy. When equipping the furnace, care must be taken to ensure a good hood, which will save the room from the smell of fire and smoke. For the recreation area, you should choose a comfortable sofa and several armchairs based on the number of home and possible guests. It will also be appropriate to a large table, it is desirable that it was a folding table that was assembled as a curbstone or coffee table.
As a decor here as nowhere will be appropriateRoom flowers in large flowerpots and flower arrangements in hanging pots. Such a situation will contribute to relaxation and comfortable pastime at any time of the year.