House, cottage, duplex apartment - all of themequipped with ladders. What types of stairs in the house can use? It depends on what type of structure are disposed, which overlap in the home or apartment, the walls which support is attached to the design.
Depending on the style of the interior, ladders cana different look, and take a different area. In any embodiment of stairs in the home - constructively complicated elements that require accurate load calculations. But, in addition, it is also important architectural detail, often has a significant impact on the entire interior.
Sometimes it is the main staircase andstyle-forming element. To choose the right ladder, which will serve not only the basic function - to provide a link between the floors, but also serve as a decoration at home, you need a good understanding of its design features, it occupied the area, as well as its decorative features.
The main types of ladders
Features. The screw design of stairs in a private home - one of the most popular solutions. They do not require a lot of space for the simplest options is enough 1.5 square meters. m. area. It looks this staircase is very nice and does not clutter the space. There are various embodiments of fasteners such structures.
Stairs of this type are suitable for all styles - modern or classic.
Disadvantages. Climb the spiral staircase is not very convenient, it is difficult to carry out carrying objects, especially large ones, have some difficulties in choosing the railing because of their shape.
Features. One of the easiest options for stairs in the house - march. Marsha can be one, two, three - depending on the height of buildings. The advantage of such structures at one thing: they are easy to install, they are not too expensive. Steps of stairs straight and comfortable. Support comes in the stringers or string.
Straight stairway will be an organic look in a classic style, as well as in Scandinavian, country, and eco-design. Suitable such construction and interior in minimalist style.
Disadvantages. The relative lack of - straight ladder takes a lot of space. However, there are design techniques to turn this disadvantage into advantage. For example, under the staircases can arrange storage systems, storage, or other utility room.
Solid on stringers
Features. Among the types of stairs in the home on a monolithic stringers occupies a special place. Because of its design features (the whole staircase rests on a concrete supporting beam (stringers), additional support is not required), it can be of any shape - zigzag, arc, polyline, which allows it to enter almost any interior style. Allowed to finish any material. The space under the stairs can be used for device storage locations, and can be left completely open - then it would be like to float in the air, without cluttering the space.
When choosing the design ladder in a private housea large area is to stay on a monolithic structure, especially if the two tiers of windows are present premises, halls great height atriums. Especially would look good in this version of the classic style and Art Deco. It is also possible to use monolithic staircase in minimalism and neo-classics.
Disadvantages. The main disadvantage of this design is that it occupies a large area on the floors, which communicate with each other.
On the rails
Features. One of the modern versions of stairs in the house - stages which are attached directly to the wall on the rails. Such ladder practically does not take place, since steps are immediately adjacent to the wall. No additional supports, cluttering space. Stair rails are no creaking as bearing structural elements made only of metal. At any point in time can be replaced with each of the ladder members - they are easily available.
Geometric, graphic quality of these designsfits perfectly in a minimalist style, Contemporary, hi-tech. An important detail: since this type of ladder is almost no space, they can be fitted with even a very small homes and apartments.
Disadvantages. Of all types of stairs in the house that requires the greatest financial costs. Furthermore, the walls must meet certain requirements of strength and stiffness.
Features. On the device suspended ladder almost identical staircases and rails, with one difference: no steps are interconnected. On the one hand they are fixed to the wall, and the other suspended on special rods. It turns full browsable openwork design, which looks very impressive.
Suspended stairs look good in anystyles. Particularly interesting they can be beat in the style of hi-tech and minimalism, as well as in the loft interiors. Sometimes suspension structures used in the neo-classic.
Disadvantages. In addition to the high cost, minus one: it is necessary to match the background appearance of the stairs, and on all sides - in fact it will not be anything close.