Finland is a country with beautiful scenery andQuite a harsh climate, with ancient traditions in culture and architecture. "The kingdom of pines, lakes and stones," so said the famous poet of the silver age Sasha Cherny about Finland. And over this kingdom is heard the solemn music of the great Jan Sibelius.
Finnish houses are an inalienablePart of the pristine nature and famous folk songs. The architecture of Finland refers to the Scandinavian style, which combined the diversity of traditions of the northern peoples of Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Denmark. From the general Scandinavian architectural school, the Finnish architecture stood out in an independent direction in the 19th century, but it has already won world recognition.
Wooden Finnish houses are incrediblePicturesque, play of light and shadow. Very often in the traditions of the Finnish style, the first floor for strength is trimmed with stone, and the second is made easier by the use of relief plaster, wooden slats or panoramic windows:
The main distinctive features of houses in the Finnish style can be formulated as follows:
- The buildings fit organically into the natural landscape, i.e. Not landscape design is created specifically for the house, and the house forms a single whole with a natural landscape:
- Volumetric frame constructions with pointed roofs and towers;
- Traditional building materials - wood and untreated natural stone;
- Simplicity and modesty of forms and decor;
- Obligatory presence of two entrances, one of which leads to the courtyard.
Special features of the facade decoration
Real Finnish houses are built of pine or larch timber. In modern construction, glued beam is most often used. It is very environmentally friendly, convenient and practical building material.
Another option to create a house with a national Finnish flavor is to use a dry plank for imitating a facade, imitating a beam of solid wood:
The specifics of the foundation
Since Finland is a northern country,Home insulation is given great attention. First of all, this concerns the foundation. When they are created, special technologies for internal insulation are used. Popular in the construction of Finnish houses is a kind of foundation, such as grillage, in which a pile or column foundation is combined by one structure in the form of slabs or beams. Advantages of grillage are that this type of foundation can be used for all types of soil, taking into account the unevenness of the plot, height differences:
In addition, with grillage it is possible to design terraces and verandas of any configuration:
Residents of Finland in the construction of housesUse features of the landscape with the maximum benefit for the implementation of the project, trying not to violate the natural balance and not to harm the atmosphere. In addition, to design each building is chosen a creative approach, carefully selected style architectural decorations. So, and the design of the foundation can be approached creatively, using the natural properties of the landscape. Boulders can not only create an unusual view of the house, but also strengthen the soil on the elevation of the site:
Using a stone
The natural features of Finland areNumerous stone rocks. This region is famous for its deposits of granite, sandstone, slate, soapstone (steatite). Therefore, the use of stone in the construction of Finnish houses is very widespread.
Butovaja laying - the most popular in FinnishConstruction of a kind of stone decoration; For this type of work requires natural stones of irregular shape, of various sizes and shades. Familiar for many architectural styles, the combination of wood and stone can be played in a peculiar way with the help of rubble masonry by forming part of the foundation, pile supports and stairs with a stone:
Recently, a fashion trend has become garden and park compositions made of stone. The splendor of the wild nature will recreate the granite blocks located on the site with apparent chaos:
An integral part of the Finnish house was and remainsfireplace. Located outside the house fireplace is a bright compositional accent and at the same time fulfills its direct functions. Street fireplaces can be built-in, wall-mounted and island. To decorate the fireplace, you can also use masonry from natural stones, rhythmically combining it with other elements of the facade:
On the terrace you can equip a wall fireplace-grill.
Terraces in Finnish houses - this is an unusual decoration of the home. If the layout and the area of the house allow, it is possible to design an angular terrace on the second floor:
Mansard houses with terraces are sufficientA common option for the construction of Finnish houses. Such buildings are convenient and rational. The supports for the terrace can also be designed with a stone:
The terrace, designed around the perimeter of the small house, makes the house more spacious:
The voluminous designs of Finnish houses are explained by additional outbuildings. It is a convenient way to arrange in them saunas or garages:
Attached to the house greenhouses significantly save space. For additional lighting of such greenhouses it is better to equip a roof with vertical glazing:
In modern Finnish houses are increasingly usedPanoramic glazing. Such designs fill the house with sunlight and open delightful landscapes. Unusually and extravagantly will look panoramic windows and doors, identically designed:
Thanks to the use of natural materials,Good thermal insulation, simplicity of design and a variety of configurations, Finnish houses are gaining popularity and competing with buildings in other styles.