Interest in the topic of this article can be calledDifferent reasons. But in eighty-five percent - this is a non-indifference to the appearance of his house. After all, its facade is not only the "face" of the building, but also the "face" of its owner. This relationship drives all interested readers to study this topic. Do not blame the remaining fifteen percent of homeowners for their indifference to their "face". Here, too, there are many reasons, including financial, because the design of the facade of a country house is quite expensive.
But this article will help both groupsHomeowners, because it contains information not only about the design of the facade, which requires significant investment, but also about its options, which are quite accessible to every person who wants. Of course, you can simply order a design project. But the design, executed by the own made project, will be a matter of your pride, because it is unique. And the uniqueness of the facade of the house has always been an end in itself in such projects. So, let's begin.
Choose a style
Before proceeding with the design of the facade of the house, we are determined in which style we want to see it. This is the basis for everything that follows. Do not forget about the opinion of the rest of the family.
The design of the facade of a country house is most often done in the following styles:
- Country. To be precise, the country represents the wholeThe direction, which includes other styles, united by common features. It is a rustic style in Russia, an English style in Britain, a provence in France, a cowboy in America. All these styles are the character of the people of the country where they originated. Therefore, each of them has its own characteristics, but does not go beyond the borders of the country. The facade of the house, executed in a rustic style, stands out for its simplicity and roughness.
- Provence. The design of the facade, executed in this style, looks more elegant. The absence of coarse elements in the design of the Provence style makes it increasingly popular, although the country style also does not give up its positions.
- English style. The facade of the house in English style looksMonumental. The main and characteristic element for it is natural stone. In turn, the English style is further subdivided into the Tudor and Victorian styles. The Tudor style is characterized by high front of the facade. An asymmetric architecture, the presence of a tower is a distinctive feature of the Victorian style. A common feature of the English style is the large chimney pipe.
- Romantic. The facade, sustained in a romantic style,Perfect for a country house. Characteristic colors are calm tones. Against this background, all kinds of decor elements look great (stucco molding, visors, forged products). The design of the facade in this style is characterized by intricate volumetric forms, smooth lines. Looking at the facade, you fall into a romantic mood - everything is fine and everything is weightless.
- Byzantine style. It differs with small windows and arches. The front entrance to the house stands out from the common facade with its beauty and chic, that is, it justifies its name.
You will say why modern stylesAre not present in this section of the article? First, modern styles of architectural design are more in harmony with the urban "landscape". And we are talking about the design of the facade of a country house, that is, a house where you should feel peace and unity with nature, with the historical heritage of your ancestors. It is unlikely that after spending the whole working day in the glass box of the office, you will receive it by returning to a house made in the style of hi-tech. And there, how to know. Maybe for you urban architecture with its minimalism, high-tech is a natural element. Choose you.
Facing the facade walls, options
Having decided with style, time to think andTo get acquainted with the assortment of materials used for facing the walls of the facade of the house, choose the one that you like most and suitable for the style of the house. Here are some of them, the most popular ones.
A natural stone. Is the oldest natural facingMaterial. Sufficiently expensive, but very reliable, that is, the candle is worth it (this is how our ancestors evaluated the quality of the material). The facade, lined with stone, gives the house an original and respectable appearance, and the owner - a high social status. A variety of shades and a variety of texture makes the stone "their own" in any design decision. In addition, lining the facade with a natural stone, you will give its walls additional strength.
Facing with natural stone creates a significant load on the foundation. When building a house, this should be taken into account.
Facade tiles of natural and artificialStone. It is a fine modern facing material. It is made of limestone, shell rock, sandstone and wild stone (dolomite). Accordingly, each type of tile has its own color and texture, which makes it possible to realize any design intent. The main colors of the facade tile are brown, gray, yellow (from dark to light tones). The tests carried out showed that the facade tile has a frost resistance of at least fifty cycles. Resistant to the influence of the external environment, it does not lose color, does not deform. This property will allow your house to have a pristine appearance for many years.
Artificial stone will help to buy a facadeYour house is the same kind as with a natural stone, but much cheaper. At the same time, the lining work (stone laying, processing) is much easier. It should also be noted that artificial stone has a wider range of shades, making it easier to find a design solution for facing the facade of the house.
Facing brick. Originally inferior to natural stone inAssortment of color and texture, but modern technology has allowed it to be fixed. The color of modern brick is presented in the range from light yellow to dark red. This material is cheaper, the work on its laying is less laborious, rather than stone, so it looks more attractive. Due to the variety of shades of bricks, it is possible to use various combinations of facades in facade decoration. The house, lined in such a manner, will look very original, emphasizing your creative nature.
When choosing a brick, you should pay attention to its characteristics. He must:
- To withstand a load of up to two hundred and fifty kilograms per square centimeter. Only in this case the lower rows of the masonry will not collapse from the gravity of the upper ones.
- Can withstand up to one hundred cycles of freezing / thawing without breaking down.
- Have a water absorption of not more than 13%. Otherwise, it will collapse very quickly.
- Keep your color under any circumstances and time ranges, that is, forever.
Decorative facade plaster. Provides a completely decent view of the facade of your house. Work on facing facade plaster is easier than previous ones, and plaster itself is a sufficiently reliable material if the technology of solution preparation and its application to the wall surface is observed. For the reliability of the coating, a mesh reinforcing plaster is used. It is important that an antiseptic is added to the solution, thanks to which mold will not appear on the facade of your house. Facade plaster has a distinctive feature from all other types of lining - the ability to paint it in any color you choose. This made it popular at all times and in all countries.
Siding. This material appeared recently. In view of the relatively low cost, ease of installation, siding, you can say, broke into the building materials market. Has a large assortment of colors, which allowed it to gain great popularity in the design of the surfaces of buildings. But here it must be taken into account that siding loses color under the influence of sunlight. Therefore, if you decide to clothe the facade with a siding, preference should be given to pastel tones.
Most often used are vinyl, socle andWooden siding. Vinyl is not recommended by specialists to use in regions with an air temperature below twenty degrees, as it loses its original properties.
The best of the listed materials isWooden siding. It is popular with admirers of design direction of country, especially, country style. The naturalness and naturalness of facing the facade of a country house, like nothing else, reminds a person that he is a part of nature, and that communication with her gives him much. Wood is an excellent thermal insulation material. Treated his antiseptic, you can not worry about his condition for many years. Provides additional strength to the walls.
The cheapest material is "lining" -Usual piled board. But true admirers of wood prefer a block house - the same "vagonka", but having the appearance of a segment of a log or a beam. Wrapped with block-house, the facade will create the look of a house built of cylindrical or profiled logs. The main disadvantage is the high price and fire hazard. True, the last drawback is eliminated by impregnation with a special compound.
Usually, two versions of the siding are used: horizontal and vertical. The very names say what they are.
Need to knowThat siding does not add a good extraStrength of the walls of the house, like other materials. Also, it does not allow to control the condition of the wall, that is, the appearance of signs of its deformation remains unobserved. Therefore, it is not necessary to explain what this situation threatens.
Combined facade cladding, its variants
Above we considered variants of a homogeneousLining surfaces, that is, made with one material. But the creative thought of designers does not stand still and today the combined facing of the facades of buildings, consisting of at least two materials, is becoming more common.
Decoration of the facade of the house
Getting acquainted with the photos given in this articleAbove, you noticed that one facade cladding is not always possible to achieve the desired. And you want, of course, the beauty of the house, so that every passing one admires them and envies your ability to create this beauty. For this, there are various decorative elements.
So, let's start decorating the facade of the house. Let's get acquainted with some elements of decor, the most common:
Eaves. Virtually no house, and even more so, its facade, does not do without eaves. This is the most common element of decor.
Cornices made of different materials are made, butIn recent years, expanded polystyrene cornices (from foam) have become very widespread. Thanks to this material, it is easy to fix the appearance of the facade.
Rusts. This element of decoration of the facade of the building was knownEven in Ancient Greece. But today he has not lost his popularity. Rusts represent artistically executed plaster of certain surfaces of a wall (framing of windows, doors, corners, etc.). Most often they have the form of brick or masonry with a rough, chipped surface in the form of rectangular prisms or pyramids.
Bas-reliefs. The most beautiful and effective element of the decoration of the facadebuilding. But we must remember that bas-reliefs will be an ornament if it corresponds to the style of the architecture of the house. As a rule, for the classics - this is a relief image of animals or people, for the style of empire - the coat of arms, musical instruments and banners, for the modernist style - plants.
Columns and capitals. Are not only a functional elementArchitecture, but also a beautiful decoration for the facade of the building, give it a majestic look. Columns, like bas-reliefs, must correspond to the chosen style of the house and its decor. Otherwise, there will be no unity and integrity of the building. The entrance part of the house will be as if by itself, that is, the harmony of the architecture of the building will be broken.
Capitals - this is an artistically decorated upper part of the column that extends beyond it. Provides a beautiful and smooth transition from the surface of the column to the structure it supports.
Decoration of windows and doors. Can be made of both natural stone,And modern materials, for example, polyurethane. In this case, one should adhere to the style and color of the facade. Graceful half-columns perfectly distinguish the front door. Relief decor will emphasize the exclusivity of the frames of windows and doors. Since this work is the final part of the design of the facade of the house, it should be given special attention. After all, the last "smear" can spoil the whole picture of the facade of your house.
Not forgotten yet is such an excellent elementDecorating windows like shutters. Unfortunately, now in this issue there is a significant simplification. Shutters play a more functional role (protection) than decorations. They are no longer distinguished by the special refinement and art that the master craftsmen used to stand out in the past. Although traces of the past can be seen here and there.
Facade lighting. Can serve as an element of the decoration of the facade. With the help of properly organized facade lighting, your house will be fabulously transformed in the evening, as the invisible elements of design, its dignity, will be underlined. Of course, for this you will have to resort to the services of professional designers. But, if you have golden hands, you can do this job yourself, and this article will help you in this.
There are several types of facade lighting. Let's consider some of them:
- Local lighting. It is usually used for selecting doors, windows, balconies. For this purpose, medium-power lamps are installed. Local lighting usually has soft diffuse light.
- Background lighting. Used to allocate a significant partFacade of the house. It creates a feeling that the house is swimming in the darkness that surrounded it. Stunning effect, but expensive. Therefore it is used only in special, festive occasions.
Properly organized lighting of the facade of the house will always please you. But do not forget that everything must be paid for, including for electricity. Therefore use energy saving lamps.
Psychologists unanimously talk about the influence of the surroundingEnvironment on human health. If a person observes beauty and harmony around him, is in it, then his mood will be excellent, and on the soul - comfort and peace. This should be a beautifully executed design of the facade of your house. We hope that this article has helped you in this matter.