Variety of styles for the exterior of the houseFor a long time to choose and study the signs of these directions. To make this choice easier, you need to determine what the main tasks are assigned to the facade of the house. Among them, thermal insulation, decorative properties, providing convenient use, the availability of elements for a variety of functionality (stairs, doors, shutters, garage doors, etc.), environmental friendliness, optimal microclimate, financial component and much more. In terms of the importance of these criteria, you need to choose the style of execution of the building.
General characteristics of style
It can be said that classical minimalism isA relatively new style in the construction of buildings. Such architecture appeared in Russia recently. But in this case it is already possible to observe the manifestations of such a direction in apartment houses and other buildings.
The main feature of modern minimalism isConsider elementary forms. Simplicity and accessibility for understanding the elements used makes this style more popular every day. Using large windows will create additional space in the room, which is inherent in this direction.
Among the shades that are most characteristic in this case:
For decoration of facades bright plaster, stone and wood are suitable. The naturalness of colors and materials is able to relax and calm down with one of its kind.
This direction of architecture is characterizedDynamic development. The slogan under which minimalism is gaining momentum sounds like "less is more". For the first time it was proclaimed by Ludwig Mi Swan der Rohe, a well-known architect.
Aspiration of designers, decorating houses in styleMinimalism, should consist in choosing the best materials with a relatively small amount of their use. The same applies to design and accessories. The brightest representatives of European minimalism came from Japanese architecture and the Dutch bureau DeStill.
This direction in architecture of buildingsProves that it is possible to emphasize the structure of a natural material without using additional decor elements. Objects in the interior of such a house tend to be multifunctional. For example, the absence of radiators can be replaced by heated floors. This is a great way to save space in the room.
In addition to the listed minimalism are characteristicSimple geometric shapes and obvious volumes. The play of light and shadow is one of the common methods of design. Glass elements on the doors and roof help to achieve the desired effect both inside the building and outside.
Projects of houses in the style of minimalism
There are many ways of using the minimalist style in construction. Projects, sustained in this architectural direction, easily flow into any environment.
One of the popular options is a cottage. Horizontal lines and rectilinear forms are in harmony with the vertical details. This is suitable for windows stretched vertically and high doors. In addition, you can use the cantilever roof flights to create additional space under their awnings.
Usually in such houses on the roof liesAdditional functional load. There you can place an observation deck or a terrace. This move will create an additional used area. Entrance to the roof can be arranged in isolation from the main part of the residential building. A small extension for domestic needs will not use the main space of the cottage for technical purposes. The heating boiler, laundry equipment and other household appliances can be stored and used separately. The recommended area of such a structure will be about 200 square meters. M.
Technical recommendations for building are simple:
- Monolithic foundation;
- A skeleton from reinforced concrete;
- Walls of foam concrete;
- Monolithic reinforced concrete floors;
- The facade is finished with "warm" plaster;
- Siding made of wood.
Such a structure will look harmonious in the courtyard, paved with paving stones. Additional greenery on the site will create the necessary feeling of unity with nature. It is better to decorate the terrace with a natural board.
This project is good for its economy. One-story structure assumes minimal costs for the design and implementation of communications, while preserving the spaciousness and functionality of all premises.
If the building area is small, the project can beChange. When premises inside the house can not occupy more than 150 square meters. M, it is necessary to use zoning. Such a house should be brought as close as possible to the boundaries of the site in order to leave room for a small yard. Open space is one of the signs of a minimalist style, both in the interior and in the exterior.
Huge windows will allow you to create a panorama thatIt alleviates the sensations of crowdedness in a space-limited space. Such projects require direct access from the living room to the terrace. In the warm season it is very useful. To merge the interior of the house with a terrace, it is better to use transparent sliding structures. This will allow for a time to erase the line between home and street.
This structure is implemented using:
- Bearing walls from aerocrete blocks;
- Metal racks;
- Monolithic foundation;
- Monolithic reinforced concrete floors;
- Warming from stone wool;
- Finishes from "warm" plasters;
- Wooden siding;
- Gypsum cardboard for painting;
- Decorative panels;
- Ceramic tiles.
The yard can also be decorated with paving stones, and the terrace with a natural board.
Another project can become a full-fledged residentialHome. The main characteristic of such a structure will be absolute visibility from the house of the territory from the outside. The whole space is saturated with fresh air. This is provided by a large amount of glazing, two floors and a terrace.
It is advisable to make an exit to the site and in suchSame style to carry a carport. It is better if all sites are as open as possible. It is necessary to strive to compactly build buildings on the site, to save space for the yard, garden and lawn. If the terrace can be located on the sunny side, then it can comfortably be used for most of the year.
Materials for construction can be:
- Lining made of slate lapped;
- Lining for a terrace of planken;
- Flooring of the terrace from the natural board;
- Window frames and doors are made of natural wood, contrasting in color with the walls;
- The frame of the house is made of wood;
- Mineral wool is used as insulation;
- Inside the walls and stairs are made of wood;
The foundation of such a structure should be lightened, and the roof - sloped. The building will perfectly fit into the courtyard, paved with paving stones.
In any house project in the style of minimalism, you canMake changes according to the taste and wishes of the owner. In the list of advantages of buildings made in this direction, the opportunity to experiment and the vast expanse for the imagination of the designer.