A canopy over the porch is an architectural facadeA design that performs a practical and decorative function. The visor should protect the door and the surrounding area from the sun and precipitation. For example, in winter, after a snowfall, the door without a canopy opens with difficulty. And the impact of rain and sun very quickly lead to deformation and damage to the door lining.
Besides practical significance, a canopy above the entrancePerforms an aesthetic function. From its form, style of performance, material, the impression of the whole building depends. Canopy, if desired, becomes not just an element of construction, it can serve as an ornament of the house, a real work of art.
Types of canopies
By the nature of the design of the visors are of two types:
- Modular - characterized by the availability of prefabricated elements, easy installation and can be designed with side awnings.
- Monolithic - this is a visor that represents a single whole with the walls of the house. It has strength and durability.
Materials for the visor can be used mostVarious: metal, special glass, polycarbonate, wood, metal. The main condition is that the design of the canopy should be in harmony with the overall stylistics of the house.
The shape of the visor also depends on the architectural style of the building and the individual preferences of the owner. If desired, you can simulate a canopy of the most unusual shape.
According to the type of attachment, the visors are of two types:
- Suspended - have a relatively small size and are made of a very light material, as they are attached with suspension.
- Canopy with supports - fastened with supports, which can be mounted vertically, or at an angle (resting against the wall).
The visor design gives the whole structureOriginality, so it is important to pay due attention to this issue. For example, supporting beams can be decorated in the form of columns in antique style, which will give the house refinement and aristocracy.
Wooden props, stylized in antiquity, withGable classic visor, create a fairytale image of the building. In this case, the support of style in the elements of landscape design will help to achieve the fullness of the picture.
A laconic monolithic visor, decorated in the style of the whole building, will help create a strict presentable image.
Another unbeatable variant of the design of the visor is the use of the same architectural elements with other parts of the facade. For example, with a veranda or a slope of a roof.
Very impressive look arched visors. This form will soften the shape of the facade and make the house visually more hospitable and cozy.
The size of the visor
The size of the visor affects the functionality, andDepends, as a rule, on individual preferences, the desired protection and the visual effect. Small canopies approach a small house with a small porch. It is important to take into account the dimensions of the door: the supports of the visor should allow enough to open it.
The large visor is more functional: it protects from the precipitation a large porch area, and if desired can also be located above the windows (which will protect them from contamination).
A large canopy will look good on a solidBuilding with an appropriate porch. At the same time, it is important to strengthen the porch fixings, because a large area will have an increased load of precipitated precipitation.
An important part of the literate approach in designVisor - installation of suitable lighting. For free movement in the dark, a sufficient amount of illumination is necessary. With the laconic, strict forms of the visor, the ideal solution is to install the built-in luminaires. They will not break the general composition and emphasize the restraint of the porch lines.
Also, spot built-in lamps are suitable for illumination of the porch with active decor elements. In this case, they do not attract attention, keeping the main emphasis on the active composition.
Suspended decorative lamps will look good with a small visor in the classical style. This option of lighting gives sophistication to the whole structure.
Another type of highlighting is the wallFixtures. This option is universal and suitable for visors of any size and shape, the main thing is to take into account the general design concept when choosing such lighting.