The title of the "fifth facade" or "fifth wall" of the roofIs given without a reason - this is one of the fundamental elements of the structure. The functional load on this part of the structure is difficult to overestimate. It protects the house from natural manifestations in the form of precipitation, winds and scorching sun, helping to keep the microclimate necessary for life inside.
In addition to practical significance, the roof also hasDecorative function. With her help you can give the building a finished look or decorate the house in an unusual way. The roof allows the whole structure to retain a certain style or to give it the necessary form.
Flat roof in the design of the building
The main thing is the division of the roofs into a flat andPitched. The second species was for a long time more familiar and was used in private construction more often. But the tendency of recent years allows us to confidently note the increasingly frequent use of a flat roof as a decorative element of construction. In this case, this form is an integral part of the overall design style.
There are several distinct advantages that distinguish a flat roof from others. Among them:
- Relative cheapness;
- Well thought-out system for safe removal of snow and water;
- A variety of possibilities for design ideas;
- The possibility of using a wide range of materials.
Make the construction of a flat roof less expensiveAllows its small area. In addition, simple installation does not require additional costs for installation and maintenance of this part of the house. It is also worth noting that maintenance of technical heating elements (chimney) or power supply (solar panels, windmills) is greatly simplified on a flat surface.
The fact that it is easy to arrange on such a roofCommunications, fans, air conditioning units and much more is also a bonus for its owner. In this case, the facade of the house will not look like loaded instruments that may not fit into the overall idea of the designer.
The safety of this roof during the fallThere are many doubts in abundant rainfall. They are unreasonable, since with proper installation, the possibility of falling large blocks of snow is excluded, as in the case of pitched roofs. Usually snow all winter is on the roof, after which the meltwater goes into the drains.
Correctly calculated parameters will provide the roof with the necessary lifting capacity, excluding the risk of collapse of the structure. Some buildings with a flat platform allow even to install a swimming pool on it.
Such an additional area can be useddifferent ways. Open space can turn into a terrace, garden, sports area and much more. Here you can put a viewing platform or arrange a cozy corner with wicker furniture and awning.
Despite the openness of this surface, the roof -A secluded place. Therefore, you can spend time there for any occupation. A family breakfast or a romantic dinner surrounded by small trees in tubs will please everyone.
On the roof with a flat surface, you canUse elements of landscape design. With sufficient funds, it is possible to break a garden that can not be built on a sloping structure. Some nature lovers organize in this useful area greenhouses, flower gardens and greenhouses. With the right approach and design, you can provide yourself and your family with a year-round harvest of fruits and vegetables.
In the interior of such premises, you can use all kinds of design techniques. What is on the roof of the building, does not prevent to realize any design idea inside the house.
Use a flat roof for buildings,Seasoned in different styles. Most of all, this design solution is suitable for modern styles: high-tech, minimalism. You can find a flat roof as the final element in the construction of frame houses.
What material can I use?
For a flat roof, the best materials are piece or sheet. The main property of such a material is the possibility of creating a continuous carpet. Among its varieties:
- Bitumen-polymer materials;
These materials, in combination with heat insulation, screed and load-bearing slabs, can form the basis for stunning design findings in the design of the site formed by a flat roof.
House with a flat roof and a common style of the plot
Since homes with flat roofs are the mostCorrespond to modern stylistic directions, then straight lines and simple forms will be the best design for such a structure. However, there are no clear limitations in the choice of elements of landscape design.
In the neighborhood of such a structure,Look elements of natural and artificial stone, metal and plastic. The terrace can be decorated with a decking or a natural board. A path made of plates of regular shape will emphasize the severity of the outline of the structure.
If on the site there are some other buildings: Sauna, garage, technical room, then they must be maintained in the same style, then the harmony of the ensemble will be achieved. Excellent fit in the overall picture of a reservoir or basin of the right form. Lighting devices can be hidden. It is better to use spotlights, mounted directly in the walls of buildings, a path and other structures.
It is not necessary to install on the territory artsyFountains and lanterns with monograms in ancient styles. They will make a mismatch in the overall atmosphere. If this element is still used, then its color palette should be sustained in neutral shades peculiar to the minimalist style: white, black, beige, sand. The chrome elements look great. They can be the railing of stairs, the details of benches, lighting, garden furniture and more.
Simplicity of buildings with a flat roof will require appropriate registration of the entire site. At the same time, the flight of the designer's imagination is not very limited.