Before deciding on the choice of your homeDreams, you need to be very clear about what it should be and what should be next to it. Again, the house may not be in the center of the city, but closer to nature, for example, in the forest.
Or maybe you prefer to have a beautifulA plot of land near the house where you can plant and grow delicious vegetables and fruits. After all, everyone's preferences are completely different, as are hobbies. So try to dream a little and imagine what the house of your dream is like, what is it like? And in order to facilitate this task, it makes sense to travel to different places and see what people have at home. Or just try to fill your imagination with pictures depicting different beautiful houses, for example here are these:
What should I look for when choosing a house
There are several criteria for which you need to make a selection of the house you need. Here they are:
- The house can be made of different materials,For example, brick or wood, each type of material has its own advantages and disadvantages, for example, brick houses are stronger, you can not argue with it, but wooden ones keep the heat longer in winter and cool in summer. They breathe, though less durable;
- A house can have a completely different appearance, likeAnd a different number of rooms and floors, including, the rooms can be located even on the roof of the house, and also, you need to decide whether you need a garage and a bath;
- You should also take into account the fact how much time it will take to get to the stop, what kind of places there are around (schools, clubs, etc.), i.e. What kind of infrastructure is there;
Close your eyes and imagine what your house looks like
It is a very good way toIt is more specific to decide what kind of home your dream should be. To do this, try to close your eyes and imagine the desired house in your head as clearly as possible and in detail, as if you really already have it and you live there. Try to see how it looks from the inside, as outside, how many floors and rooms there are in it, whether there is a garage and other details. By the way, this method helps not only to better represent your home, but also to materialize and bring this event closer. And if you scroll in your head every day with the maximum details and even the sensations that you are inside the house, then the probability that this house will appear on your way increases dramatically. Visualization of desire is an excellent and effective technique. Do not believe me? Check it out!
Think about the location and architecture of your future home
From the correct location and architecturalFeatures directly depends on whether your house is comfortable and beautiful. In this regard, it is extremely important to think as much as possible of such things as the illumination and the surrounding view of the territory, as well as the characteristics that the purchased plot has (if it is necessary), because if no land is chosen for the construction of the house, then there can be no architecture And speech, tk. Its layout is made only in conjunction with the connection to the groundwater table, to the relief and other features.
What is architecture? This is the external appearance of the building. The choice of its forms for today is simply unlimited. Of course, the Russian classics is a rectangular or square shape of the house, proven for centuries. And also a gable roof with a minimum of cut roofs and facades and a minimum glazing area to maintain heat. What you personally choose is up to you.
Regarding the location of the house I want to noteA few more points. Orientation should be made around the world, because the sun illuminates the house and territory near it at different times of the day consistently: from the east, south and west. And if you do not take into account this factor, the house runs the risk of being not only dark, but also energy-consuming.
Large windows (especially up to the floor) with double-glazed windows with access to the terrace or to the garden, in addition to what looks spectacular and beautiful, they still bring considerable benefit, providing a good microclimate in the house.
What is better to build a house?
It is extremely important to calculate correctlyWater vapor permeability of the house, so that the optimal microclimate is preserved both in winter and in summer. In such a house it will always be comfortable to be and easy to breathe. And it is not necessary that such a house should only be made of wood. Here the most important thing to observe is not to use vapor-impermeable materials in exterior walls. Also, resistance to falling of water vapor in a direction from a premise of the house outside through walls should consistently decrease. Simply put, a brick wall with polystyrene thermal insulation does not breathe at all. And if, for example, to use incombustible basalt cotton wool, then the water vapor diffuses easily and completely freely outside. And if, for example, for facade cladding material such as stone, tile or facade panels is used, it is necessary to provide an air gap between the lining and the wall of the house in order to efficiently dehumidify. It is not excluded in the cold time the appearance of condensation, which can lead to damage to the cladding as a result of freezing.
Of modern materials for the construction of external walls, a solid clay red brick is not bad.
In general, choosing a particular material, it is necessaryTo consider the correspondence of the life of the house to your understanding. Do not save on the quality of materials, otherwise the service life can be much reduced. In addition, there is a fact that the wear and tear of the building is uneven over time. In connection with shrinkage and shrinkage, as well as uneven sediment, the highest wear rate is reached in the first year of operation. Sometimes there is a need for a shave repair. But then the process of wear and tear is already slow and intensified only at the last stage of the building's operation due to loss of structural strength and aging of materials. In general, the service life of buildings is divided into three categories:
- The first - is the highest and is more than 100 years;
- The second is medium, the building serves 50 years or more;
- The third is the lowest, is 20 years or more
How to calculate the area of the house
Usually these calculations are made, proceeding fromThe number of family members, each of which, as a minimum, should have its own separate room, plus there should be a common large room (hall or living room). If your family consists of four people (a standard family consisting of a husband, wife and two children), then in this case you will need: a marital bedroom ranging from 15 to 20 square meters, two children's rooms (if children of different sexes) 12 square meters each, one living room area from 25 to 30 square meters is at least. Those. The total area of the rooms is about 70 square meters. In this case, special attention should be given to the kitchen and living room - the places where we spend the most time. By the way, it would be nice to unite them. Or the kitchen is combined with the dining room, occupying about 20 square meters of total area. The bathroom can be about 5 square meters and a hallway of about 6. If you want, it's nice to make a veranda with an area of 15 - 20 square meters, adjacent to the house and overlooking the garden. Plus a porch in the area of 4 square meters. Meters. In short, the house will have an area of about 130 square meters. Meters. But this is all at a minimum, so to say compact, but at the same time, a very good option. If you want and the availability of funds, of course, everything can be done quite differently.
How many floors should be in the house
Immediately we hasten to note that in the definitionFloors also include all above-ground floors, including the basement and the attic, if the top of its overlap is located above the ground at least 2 meters. What are single-storey houses? In most cases, they are based on a compact planning scheme that includes a small number of rooms, because The land should be distributed sparingly, so that a large building area of a multi-room house does not hamper the organization of the household plot.
In addition, such houses are more simpleConstructive solution, they are easier to erect and subsequently repaired. Placed on one level, the rooms have a good relationship and are convenient primarily for the elderly. Well, it is impossible not to attribute to the advantages the fact of the possibility of completing the completion of the extension in case of need, which can be done absolutely without problems.
Two-story houses and more provideThe possibility of dividing the house into day and night zones, where the second floor, as a rule, is used only in the evening and at night. But on the first floor there is everything you need: a living room, a kitchen, a dining room, a bathroom, a hallway, a cabinet, a boiler room (if there is no possibility to place it in the basement). Well, on the second floor are usually located such premises: bedrooms, bathrooms and dressing rooms. Regarding the garage, you can recommend its placement, adjacent to the house or completely separate, but not built into the apartment building.
Mansard floors are made of lightPartitions, due to which the design is simplified and it becomes possible to redevelop the premises. For example, as the family increases, more rooms may be required, and the attic house is very easy to make "growing." Due to the fact that the rooms are hidden under the roof, the impression of a house with small external dimensions, although in fact its living space is large enough.
What should be near the house?
Two-story houses are also widely spread, whereRooms are located with a difference in levels or with the organization of ground floors. Usually such a technique is used in the construction of a relief and forms a very original planning scheme.
Usually the construction of a house is started on a large plot. Therefore, there is enough room for the implementation of any of its plans, if the total area of the adjoining territory is divided into separate sections.
If you want, you can build a cozy gazebo, playground, place a wonderful pool, summer kitchen, recreation area, garden and much more.
If there are neighbors next to each other, it's a good idea to isolate yourself with a high capital fence. For this, you can use concrete, brick or natural stone.
By the way, a very spectacular look, if theseFence green with perennial perennial plants. Ideally, your personal area near the house should not be heavily blown by the wind, but there must also be places where you can hide from a strong scorching sun.