When it comes to churches of different religions,most people are "air" of the building, takes to the skies from the interior, flooded with light. But it turns out, not all the places of worship match this architectural concept. People were building and underground religious complexes, and some of them have survived to the present day.
1. Rock Church
The most common and easiest way to make the building -This add building components until you obtain the desired structure. Another way - to begin construction right in the bedrock and modify it as long as the structure is not formed. That's like the builders decided to turn the stone churches in Lalibela, Ethiopia.
Each local church issingle structure, carved directly into the rock. A total of Lalibela has 11 monolithic churches carved into the rocks in the XII century. In one of the churches can find replicas of the tomb of Adam, Jesus' tomb and the tombs of Birth. Legend has it that thousands of workers to work during the day, but the construction continued and night angels.
2. Mogao Caves
An oasis of Dunhuang in China was once the mainstop on the Silk Road, overland trade route between Europe and China. The city grew over the centuries. And where there are cities, there are temples. Buddhist Dunhuang, the earliest Buddhist community in China, cut their temples in the nearby Mogao Caves. Since the beginning of this practice in the IV century in the Mogao it was created 492 richly decorated cave temple. Their walls are brightly painted religious and secular scenes in many different styles, reflecting the confidence of the peoples, who met on the Silk Road.
Walls "Thousand Buddha Caves" fully linedminiature carvings of the Buddha. Besides Buddhist art evidence of Jewish, Christian and Manichean influences were found in local caves. In 1900 it was opened the cave sealed for more than 900 years, and it found many manuscripts. One of these documents proved the oldest printed book in the world.
3. HAL SAFLIENI
First you need to imagine that someone has decided tobuild an underground cemetery. In this case someone wanted his creation lasted for many centuries. Therefore, the Maltese temples were carved into the rock. Interestingly, even today, with modern instruments, it would be difficult to implement the event. Builders HAL SAFLIENI did it in 4000 BC, and from instumentov they had only stone, obsidian and antlers.
The largest multi-level complex of thesetemples, which today is called Haypodzhium likely was modeled on the above-ground temples. Around its perimeter can be found false windows and doors, as well, which is especially striking in the underground temple there is an imitation of a wooden roof. Thousands of years Nazal here dead bodies were left to rot in the cut recesses in the walls, while they are not only the bones remained, which then were taken for burial.
Roman paganism was surprisingly loyal toPlan a variety of worship new gods. In the first century AD, many Roman soldiers began to worship the god Mithras ET. Today, little is known about theology or religious practices of the followers of Mithras, but they are preserved underground temple known as "Mithraeum".
Mithraeum under the "big circus" in Rome isone of the best preserved. The temple includes sculptural friezes that depict Mithras the bull during the murder. Similar images found throughout the Roman world. This suggests that the cult of Mithras, possibly included ritual sacrifice of the bull.
5. Cave Temple in Cinca Veche
The underground complex known as Sinka Vecheseveral names: the cave temple, monastery and the Temple of Doom. Despite research which has long been under way on the site excavation, no one knows exactly how old he is, who built it or why it was made.
There are nine separate caves, two of whichwere used as chapels, but the walls have non-Christian symbols (for example, the Star of David and a sign of Yin Yang). Atomic research traces left by the tools showed that the temple was carved in the second century AD, but its original purpose remains a mystery.
6. Salt Church Kunigunda
Mining has always beendirty and dangerous business. In the XIII century, the miners could except to pray that they are not filled up. Not surprisingly, many of them asked for help to the gods by prayers. The Wieliczka salt mine in Poland miners chapel carved out of salt. No one knows exactly how many such places of worship once existed in the mine, as they tend to be demolished when the mine was still open.
7. Salt Cathedral of Zipaquirá
Mines in Zipaquirá work with the V century BC. However, the cathedral, carved out of salt at this point, is much more modern. The small chapel existed in the mine before, but in the 1990s, the Cathedral in Wieliczka has been renovated and expanded. Now the mine, visitors can go down to 150 meters below ground and admire the cathedral next to the miners, who are still mined salt here. The temple has 14 chapels, each of which has a statue of salt in the form of crosses adorned with carvings. Today, they have decorated LEDs that cast weird reflections on the salt sculptures.
8. Temple of Damanhur
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Damanhur ecovillage is a communein the foothills of the Alps. Although worldwide there are similar places, none of them has a "Temple of Humanity." At the founder of Damanhur Oberto Airaudi vision began in early childhood - he saw the temples. When Oberto grew up, he began to look for a place where he could turn these visions into reality.
Finding others who shared his goals,He started the construction of underground churches in 1978. As he kept building their churches in secret and did not get a permit for their construction, when the authorities discovered these temples in the 1990s, they wanted to stop all work. It is worth noting that now the construction permit is still given.
9. Batu Caves
To get to the underground sanctuaries Batu,pilgrims must first climb the 272 steps. Cathedral Cave, which is carved into the top of the mountain, has an arched roof 30 meters high. Under this dome, you can find a variety of Hindu shrines. During Thaipusam festival people worshiping Muruga, coming from Kuala Lumpur to Batu Caves. They carry offerings on special platforms called "kavadis" on their shoulders. The most impressive during this festival is an act of self-mortification, during which the fanatics pierce their cheeks, nose or ears. Others pushed hooks itself under the skin.
10. Neanderthal Cave
175,000 years ago, someone entered the cave inFrench and dared to go 300 meters in total darkness. There he broke the 400 natural rock formations, stalactites and stalagmites, making of them a man-made circle. Whoever did it was amazing adventurous at the time. Whoever it was, they were clearly not a modern man. Age structure of the old 100 000 years the moment when the first modern humans arrived in Europe. The main theory is that it is a venue has been created by Neanderthals.
In continuation of the theme more 10 mysterious cave temples that will impress even the atheists.