Choose a laminate is not so easy as it mayappear. There are a number of nuances to be aware of if you are going to buy this type of flooring. First you need to understand the classification and labeling. But let's all in order.
Each class has a laminate characterized by a certaindurability. From this parameter depends on - how long laminated cover can serve you. To unify the assessment of the quality of the laminate in 1999 introduced special rules which adopted the European Association of manufacturers of laminate flooring. European classification rules comprise laminates according to their durability. After testing, the floors get use class (manual).
Class of operation determines how long laminateable to maintain a good appearance under different loads and harmful effects. A European standard (EN 13329) - it contains 18 tests conducted that the laminate is assigned a specific class. This regulation refers to the separation of laminate flooring into two groups - laminates commercial exploitation laminates and home use. Previously, the main criterion in determining the use of the class has been tested for wear resistance, for which was used a special device equipped with a grinding wheel.
Now to assign the application class laminate is tested for 7 parameters:
durability; resistance to contamination;resistance to indentation; resistance to the movable furniture; resistant to burning cigarettes; humidity; resistance to move furniture on rollers.
After testing the laminate gets a classat the lowest test result. For example, if in the first six tests laminate corresponds to 33 class, but on the seventh - 21 classes, the material will receive 21 minutes of application class.
Laminate 21 class
Laminate 21 class is forminor loads. Length of service for such a laminate is small, it seldom reaches even 4 years. Suitable for use in closets and bedrooms. Today, almost a laminate does not occur, since it is not in demand in the market.
Laminate 22 class
Laminate 22 class is suitable for placement in children's rooms and living rooms. It is clear that it can also be used in residential areas. The service life of up to 4 years.
Laminate 23 class
Laminate 23 class is used for residential premises, where high load on the floor, for example, where a lot of heavy furniture. These rooms include the kitchen and hallways. The service life of up to 4 years.
Laminate 31 class
Laminate 31 class is designed for commercialapplications where small load on the floor. He has a higher quality than the laminate for living quarters. It can be installed in conference rooms. This service life is up to 3 years. If you put such a laminate in the living room, it can last for up to twelve years.
Laminate 32 class
Laminate 32 class is suitable for use incommercial premises, where the average load on the floors, such as reception areas, offices, classrooms, and other similar places. Life for these facilities will be up to 5 years. For the dwelling service life of the laminate - up to 15 years.
Laminate 33 class
Laminate 33 class is used for floorsin commercial premises where a large load on the floor. The first is: bars, restaurants, shops and gyms. Service life - up to 6 years. When laying in the living room so the laminate can be operated up to 24 years.
Tip: It is believed that laminate 32 class is best suited for offices and apartments. He most optimal price / performance ratio.
If you are looking for laminate flooring in commercial premises,then you need to choose from 32 classes. He will justify the investment and will last up to 6 years. If you need a laminate for the house, it is better to take the material is not lower than the 31 class, it will be higher quality than the laminate for use in a residential area. Accordingly, the service life will be longer, too.
the laminate thickness may be 6 - 12millimeters. It is better to choose a thicker laminate, since than it is thicker, more durable and easier to stack it. Furthermore, the thicker the coating, the greater sound absorbing properties.
Based on the foregoing, it makes sense to choose a laminate with a thickness of 8-12 mm.
Most of the manufacturers offer a guarantee for a period of 5 to 15 years. But it is better to give preference to laminate known manufacturers. For example, such as: Tarkett, Alloc, Pergo and others.
Usually, reputable manufacturers guaranteelife of more than 20 years, and the brand laminate Alloc - lifetime warranty. Only cheap cover wear out quickly, so they and the minimum guarantee period.
Types of connections
There are two types of laminate panels connection:
The adhesive laminate - cheap, but its stylingWe have to hire professionals like myself to do it will be difficult. The panels need to connect the ends with the help of quick-drying glue. The use of adhesive eliminates the presence of gaps. For this reason, the adhesive laminate has a higher moisture resistance than the latch. The disadvantage is the inability to repair such a coating as panels glued together, and then replace the damaged area will not work without damaging the adjacent panel.
Castle laminate is laid without glue - due tospecial construction panels. This laminate has high maintainability, since it is not bonded to the panel with glue. The main drawback of this embodiment the compound - the joints are exposed to moisture. However, some manufacturers are trying to solve this problem by recommending laying for fastening panels using glue.
Castle laminates come in two types: the latch locks (lock), as well as ready-made locks (click).
Laminate with simple click-locks in stacking these double-locks and are angled 45 degrees. They allow the base curvature to 3 millimeters per meter.
Panels equipped with lock-locks fit even easier than with click-locks. To work with them even do not require professional skills. But it makes perfectly flat base for such panels.
Types of substrates for laminate
The substrate - a special material for insulationlaminate floor. Before its stack, you need to thoroughly clean the floor surface from dust with a vacuum cleaner. With the support provided by soundproofing and heat insulation. There laminates, in which the substrate is already present, usually the laminates 32 class.
There are such kinds of support if we take into account material:
The substrate of penopropilena occurs most often. Advantages of such a substrate - resistance to moisture, low price and ease of use. Disadvantages - it does not matter holds the form and with the passage of time, sags and loses its properties when exposed to sunlight. The substrate made of cork - perfect thermal insulator. It holds its shape well and is very durable. However, often the condensate is formed on a substrate. Devoid of this disadvantage of the substrate, and made of cork or cork of bitumen and rubber. Such support does not tread down and absorb excellent. Special substrate makes it possible to stack the panel is much faster. This provides excellent heat and sound insulation, no condensation. The disadvantage of this substrate - the high price.
Graphical symbols on the laminate will help you in the selection. Therefore, before going to the store study - which means each of them.