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Design Basics: composition in the interior

The beauty and comfort of any space is not possiblewithout the use of certain terms of its construction, the so-called composites laws. They play a crucial role in the emergence of a harmonious environment in any room - residential or public.

Properly apply the laws of composition in the interiorcapable of only a few - those who have a special flair of colors, shapes and textures. And yet, this ability may develop in yourself, if we look at the basics of design space and its construction, as well as to understand the need for compositional techniques.

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

The composition in the interior called artconnection of all elements in a particular space, which must be placed in it in a specific order and number to support the general idea harmonious way.


Design Basics: composition in the interior

Basics of the composition is not only important, but can be especially helpful when you need to draw a complex space, for example, narrow, too high or low ceilings.

Basics of composition in interior design

The atmosphere of the room, if it is correctly planned, can not be chaotic, and all subjects and objects, textures and textures used therein is required to interact with each other.

The center of the composition

Once in the room, your eyes should be involuntarilyaspire to a certain object, which can be isolated from the whole situation unusual color, large size, shape, or relief - this is the compositional center. As you can guess the meaning that it is usually located in the middle of the room that is not fundamentally, and wall or corner location it is also possible.

Complementary elements of the situation in the successful composition are always arranged evenly around its center.

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

The compositional center of the room can be a bed, fireplace, window, carpet or decorative partitions, which, together with other objects of the interior, and forms a single composition.

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

The laws of equilibrium

Filling the room, or the environment in theirall gave the impression of integrity of an image, its beauty, functionality and visual comfort. Consequently, the objects around the center of the composite can be arranged according to the laws of symmetry or assimerii.


Uniform distribution of similar itemssize and shape around the center is called symmetric composite. Especial difficulties use will not cause a symmetrical composition, particularly in the horizontal plane. That is, if erected in the living room fireplace, then around it should settle things at the same distance, for example, two standard lamps on the sides, two sofas in front of him, two armchairs in front of the same or similar in size and shape.

In the bedroom, the bed in the center, putthe same set from both sides, consisting of the bedside table, lamps, mirrors, and the foot of the supplement mini-sofa, stools, chest. The symmetry of the composition complement, for example, a pair of racks (chests of drawers, chairs), installed in front of the bed, at the same distance from each other.

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

Symmetry in the vertical plane isto visually counterbalance the upper and lower part of the room. For example, if the room is high, and the furniture is solid, it is possible to hang a large chandelier, and "heavier" stucco ceiling, while the walls should not be empty - they should decorate decoration at eye level, while vertical composition will be maintained.


It can not be called the antithesis of symmetriclocation rather another, creating an interesting technique composition. Asymmetry, as well - it is not disharmony, as it seems to some, but a complex and ambiguous way to design the space. However, for it as for the symmetry important load balance visual objects in the interior environment.

For example, when the main subjects are mounted on2/3 of the floor space, the third part of it should not be left empty. Here, in contrast, it is possible to arrange one, but catchy, and quite a large object (closet, mirror, table, panel).

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

elements of harmony

Successful composite interior solutionIt involves the harmonious union of all the items by matching colors, shapes and textures. With their help, the situation becomes balanced and aesthetic.


Design Basics: composition in the interior

Nuances in the interior composition

They are called accents that make the room becomes more vivid, textured objects, and there is a visual spatial volume.

The most eloquent nuances appear on the invoices, opposed to each other:

Mirror on the wall matte background. Smooth upholstery sofa combined with a fur blanket. The pattern on striped background. Using more saturated colors in small amounts.

It should be remembered that the nuance is, in fact, should be used carefully, only a couple of sites - the bust extremely desirable.

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Design Basics: composition in the interior


Precise and clear contrast of textures and colors oftenused in the construction of a harmonious composition. So, patterned fabric can be combined with solid, rough finish walls - with smooth facades, and an abundance of decorative elements on the one hand - to be contrasted with the minimalism of the other.

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

Related Items

Third method of constructing a harmonious composition based on the use of the same type, similar in texture, shape and color of the objects.

Thus, the basis may lie a square, rectangle or circle, and all the objects that fill the space - to strive for its shape, a smooth transition from one shade of one color to another.

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Design Basics: composition in the interior

Without neglecting the basic rules of creationthe composition may build more than the average residential interior. Therefore, we are hopeful that this text will be useful to you in future accomplishments and help set priorities. Good luck!

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